The Proclamation of 1763



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Name: __________________________ Date: _____________



1.

The Proclamation of 1763

A)

was warmly received by American land speculators.

B)

removed the Spanish and Indian menace from the colonial frontier.

C)

declared war on Chief Pontiac and his fierce warriors.

D)

prohibited colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains.

E)

opened Canada to American settlement.



2.

With the British and American victory in the Seven Years' War,

A)

the American colonies grew closer to Britain.

B)

Americans now feared the Spanish.

C)

a new spirit of independence arose, as the French threat disappeared.

D)

the Indians were stopped from ever again launching a deadly attack against whites.

E)

the British no longer retaliated against the Indians.



3.

France had to give up its vision of a North American New France when

A)

its fishing industry faltered.

B)

farming proved to be unprofitable.

C)

King Louis XIV died.

D)

it was defeated by the British in 1713 and 1763.

E)

it could not entice enough settlers to America.



4.

The disunity that existed in the colonies before the Seven Years' War can be attributed to

A)

the enormous distances between the colonies.

B)

geographical barriers like rivers.

C)

conflicting religions.

D)

varied nationalities.

E)

all of the above.



5.

For the American colonies, the Seven Years' War

A)

ended the myth of British invincibility.

B)

left them in need of experienced officers.

C)

offered the opportunity to grow closer to the British.

D)

gave them the opportunity finally to gain control of Mississippi.

E)

helped improve relations between Britain and the colonies.



6.

The long-range purpose of the Albany Congress in 1754 was to

A)

achieve colonial unity and common defense against the French threat.

B)

propose independence of the colonies from Britain.

C)

declare war on the Iroquois tribe.

D)

prohibit New England and New York from trading with the French West Indies.

E)

gain peace with France.



7.

In the colonial wars before 1754, Americans

A)

functioned as a unified fighting force.

B)

received more support from France than Britain.

C)

demonstrated an astonishing lack of unity.

D)

were not involved in combat.

E)

rarely involved Indians in the fighting.



8.

The Seven Years' War was also known in America as

A)

the War of Jenkins's Ear.

B)

the French and Indian War.

C)

the War of Austrian Succession.

D)

King William's War.

E)

Queen Anne's War.



9.

Regarding American independence,

A)

a majority of Americans supported the cause selflessly.

B)

most of the American business community sacrificed profit for victory.

C)

France gave little assistance.

D)

only a select minority supported independence with selfless devotion.

E)

Spain was in total opposition.



10.

The colonists faced all of the following weaknesses in the War for Independence except

A)

poor organization.

B)

sectional jealousy, which constantly interfered with the appointment of military leaders.

C)

great difficulties in raising money to support the army.

D)

the use of numerous European officers.

E)

a weak central authority running the war effort.



11.

All of the following were weaknesses of the British military during the War for Independence except

A)

second-rate officers.

B)

soldiers who were incapable of fighting effectively.

C)

the need to keep many soldiers in Europe in case of trouble.

D)

the long supply lines.

E)

brutal treatment of their soldiers.



12.

The First Continental Congress was called in order to

A)

consider ways of redressing colonial grievances.

B)

become a legislative body.

C)

write the Declaration of Independence.

D)

decide which of Parliament's taxes the colonies would and would not pay.

E)

help implement provisions of the Quebec Act.



13.

The most drastic measure of the Intolerable Acts was the

A)

Quartering Act.

B)

Quebec Act.

C)

Sugar Act.

D)

Courts Act.

E)

Boston Port Act.



14.

Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) clash at Lexington and Concord, (B) meeting of the First Continental Congress, (C) Quebec Act, (D) Boston Tea Party.

A)

C, D, A, B

B)

B, A, C, D

C)

D, C, B, A

D)

A, B, D, C

E)

A, D, C, B



15.

Match each individual on the left with the correct description.

A. Samuel Adams

1. a casualty of the Boston Massacre

B. John Adams

2. a foreign volunteer who drilled American troops during the War of Independence

C. Crispus Attucks

3. a pamphleteer who first organized committees to exchange ideas and information on resisting British policy




4. a Massachusetts politician who opposed the moderates' solution to the imperial crisis at the First Continental Congress




A)

A-4, B-3, C-2

B)

A-3, B-4, C-1

C)

A-2, B-4, C-2

D)

A-2, B-1, C-3

E)

A-4, B-1, C-2



16.

Colonial protest against the Stamp Act took the form of

A)

convening a colonial congress to request repeal of the act.

B)

a colonial boycott against British goods.

C)

violence in several colonial towns.

D)

wearing homemade woolen clothes.

E)

all of the above.



17.

The Declaration of Independence did all of the following except

A)

invoke the natural rights of humankind to justify revolt.

B)

catalog the tyrannical actions of King George III.

C)

argue that royal tyranny justified revolt.

D)

offered the British one last chance at reconciliation.

E)

accused the British of violating the natural rights of the Americans.



18.

Arrange these events in chronological order: (A) Boston Massacre, (B) Townshend Acts, (C) Tea Act, (D) Intolerable Acts.

A)

A, B, C, D

B)

D, B, C, A

C)

C, B, D, A

D)

B, A, C, D

E)

A, C, D, B



19.

Colonists objected to the Stamp Act because

A)

it was a very expensive tax.

B)

they believed it could not be repealed.

C)

Parliament passed the tax, not the colonists.

D)

they opposed all taxes.

E)

they wanted their independence.



20.

After the British defeat at Yorktown,

A)

the fighting continued for more than a year.

B)

the war ended within a month.

C)

the French withdrew their assistance as it was no longer needed.

D)

King George III decided to end the struggle.

E)

Spain finally entered the war on our side.



21.

Some Indian nations joined the British during the Revolutionary War because

A)

the British threatened them with destruction if they did not help.

B)

they believed that a British victory would restrain American expansion into the West.

C)

the British hired them as mercenaries.

D)

they were bound by treaties.

E)

none of the above.



22.

Americans who opposed independence for the colonies were labeled __________ or _______________, and the independence-seeking Patriots were also known as _______________.

A)

Tories, Whigs, Loyalists

B)

Loyalists, Tories, Whigs

C)

Whigs, Tories, Loyalists

D)

Loyalists, Whigs, Tories

E)

Sons of Liberty, Tories, Whigs



23.

French aid to the colonies

A)

greatly aided America's struggle for independence.

B)

was motivated by what the French considered to be their own national interests.

C)

forced the British to change their military strategy in America.

D)

helped them protect their own West Indies islands.

E)

all of the above.



24.

Who was the American diplomat that negotiated the “Model Treaty” with France?

A)

John Adams

B)

Thomas Jefferson

C)

Thomas Paine

D)

Benjamin Franklin

E)

Patrick Henry



25.

The Battle of Saratoga was a key victory for the Americans because it

A)

brought the British to offer recognition of colonial independence.

B)

brought the colonists much-needed aid and a formal alliance with France.

C)

prevented the fighting from spreading into the southern colonies.

D)

prevented the colonial capital from being captured by the British.

E)

kept Benedict Arnold from joining the British.



26.

Like many revolutions, the American Revolution was

A)

a majority movement.

B)

a minority movement.

C)

started by forces outside the country.

D)

one in which little attention was given to those civilians who remained neutral.

E)

one which produced a minimum of violence.



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