Topic 1: American Imperialism Name: Block: Date

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Unit 8: America as a World Power 1900-1919

Topic 1: American Imperialism

Name: __________________________

Block: _________________


Today’s Key Terms:

Imperialism Yellow Journalism

Annex Diplomacy

Know your map!

Unit Topics:

1: American Imperialism: Justified or not?

2: Spanish-American War

3: WWI: America’s War or Not?

4: WWI at Home

Essential Unit Questions:

  • Did America act more like a world leader or a world bully in the period from 1900-1919?

  • What were the causes and outcomes of America’s involvement in WWI? Was it America’s war?

What is Imperialism?

Who is Involved?

  • _________________________________________________

  • ________________________________________ are divided into colonies

  • The competition for colonies will eventually lead to _______________

Reasons for Imperialism

Read the three sources, and identify the justification for Imperialism found in each one.

Examples of American Imperialism

  1. __________________ (1867) — __________________________ bought from the Russians – “Seward’s Folly’, “Seward’s Icebox”

Why buy it?

  1. __________________ (1891-1900) -- US citizens owned _______________________. Businessmen took control of Hawaii and removed ________________________________.

    • Pres. Cleveland refused to cooperate, but the United States eventually annexed (took over) Hawaii in 1900. Why annex it?

  1. Spanish–American War

  • Spain’s Empire: _____________________________ in the Western Hemisphere and the ________________________ in the Pacific

  • Cuban and Filipino rebels revolt against Spain’s rule….

  • Why should the US care?

  • Why does the US get involved?

Spain’s atrocities in Cuba

Yellow Journalism

The Explosion of the USS Maine

  • The War in Cuba

  • Volunteers rush to enlist, but they are _________________________________________

  • Teddy Roosevelt’s ___________________

  • The war only lasts __________________________.

  • More deaths from ____________________ than from ____________________.

  • The War in the Philippines

  • The US destroys the Spanish fleet (all their ships) in Manila Bay in the Philippine Islands in the Pacific and helps the Filipinos expel the Spanish

  • After the war, the Filipinos want their independence, but the US ___________ and fights the Filipino rebels _________________________________________________________

Outcomes of the Spanish-American War

  • The US annexes Spanish possessions: ________________________________________

  • Annex =

  • The US does NOT annex __________, but claims the ____________________________ in Cuban affairs

More American Imperialism……….

  1. __________________ (1899) John Hay proposed all nations have access to Chinese markets and material. This was called the ___________________________________.

  1. Roosevelt’s “Big Stick” Policy (1900-1908)

  • Wanted greater US involvement in world affairs.

  • Advocated for peaceful relations, but wanted a strong American presence in to ensure US prosperity.

  • America as world policeman: “______________________________________________________”

Examples of “Big Stick” Policy

  • Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (1900): ______________________________________________________________________________.

  • Used to justify intervention in Panama, Cuba, Nicaragua, Honduras, Mexico and Haiti.

  • _________________________: US “supports” a Panamanian revolt….and get rights to _________________________________________________________________.

Draw in the Panama Canal on the map. Why is the Panama Canal so important? What did it allow the US to do?

  • “Open Door” policy (Secy of State John Hay) — ensures ___________________ ___________________________________________________________________.

  • Roosevelt sent troops to suppress the Chinese Boxers (_____________________), rebels who opposed opening up China to foreign trade.

  1. Taft’s “Dollar Diplomacy” (1909)

  • _________________________________________________________

  • __________________________, not bullets, would advance US authority and ensure stability.

  • Ordered troops to Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and Mexico to protect investments.

  • Use of force was a way to teach other nations how to establish law and order.

  1. Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy” (1912)

  • US should ________________________________ around the globe and help maintain world peace.

  • Emphasized American ideals like democracy, ___________________________________________.

  • Caused US to meddle in affairs in Latin America and Asia.

Know the Presidents’ diplomacies and what they mean!!

So…. did America act more like a world leader or a world bully in the period from 1900-1919? Explain your answer and your reasoning, using specific examples.
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