Topic 4: Australia and World War II stage: 5



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Topic 4: Australia and World War II

Stage: 5

Duration: 20 Lessons

Class:

Lesson No.

Content/ Lesson Focus

Learn About/ Learn To

Outcomes

Resources

1

The Origins of War

Class discussion on whiteboard and notes covering:



  • Invasion of Poland

  • Britain declares war on Germany


Homework Task:

Students complete ‘Who’s Who in WWII’ for Adolf Hitler and Robert Menzies. Students complete ‘My WWII Glossary’ for ‘appeasement’.


Literacy focus

Australia’s involvement in WWII.
Explain the reasons for Australia’s involvement in WWII.

5.2 assesses the impact of international events and relationships on Australia’s history


‘Who’s Who in WWII’ (4.1)
‘My WWII Glossary’ (4.2)

2

Australia Joins the War

Students listen to Menzies’ declaration of war (0:00-2:11, 3:35-4:47, 13:00-17:49) and analyse for reasons Australia joined WWII.


Discussion of reasons not mentioned in the source.
Literacy focus

Australia’s involvement in WWII.
Explain the reasons for Australia’s involvement in WWII.

5.2 assesses the impact of international events and relationships on Australia’s history.
5.5 identifies, comprehends and evaluates historical sources.


‘Menzies Speech: Declaration of War (1939)’ (on disc)
‘Australia Goes to War’ (4.3)

3

The War Begins

Discussion and notes covering:



  • Immediate public reactions to the declaration of war.

  • Raising an army

If there is time remaining, students may begin work on ‘The Early War’, a series of short answer questions requiring individual research.


Homework Task:

If not completed in class, students perform their own individual research to complete ‘The Early War’.


Literacy focus/ICT focus

The impact of war on Australian civilians.
Explain the impact of the war on Australian civilians.

5.2 assesses the impact of international events and relationships on Australia’s history.


‘Volunteers 1939’ (image) (on disc)
‘The Early War’ (4.4)

4, 5

Where Did Australians Serve?

In pairs, students research a given battle or event, and summarise important details. Students then locate and analyse a source relating to that battle. Responses are collected and compiled into a class wiki detailing the various locations of Australian service.


Literacy Focus/ICT Focus

Australia’s involvement in WWII.
Identify the places where Australians fought in WWII.

5.2 assesses the impact of international events and relationships on Australia’s history.
5.5 identifies, comprehends and evaluates historical sources.


‘Where Did Australians Serve?’ (4.5)
‘Where Did Australians Serve? Instructions’ (4.6)

6

Japan Enters the War

  • The causes of Japan’s involvement in the war.

  • What this means for Australia/Australia’s response.

Students listen to an extract from Curtin’s speech (1:00-8:00) announcing Japan’s involvement in the war. As they listen, students use a series of focus questions to make notes.

Using the speech extract and their notes as stimulus, students, through discussion on whiteboard, contrast allied and Japanese understandings of Japan’s actions and motivations.
Literacy focus


Australia’s involvement in WWII.
The impact of war on Australian civilians.
Explain the impact of war on Australian civilians.

5.2 assesses the impact of international events and relationships on Australia’s history.
5.7 explains different contexts, perspectives and interpretations of the past.


‘Curtins Speech- Japan Enters Second World War (1941)’
‘Japan Enters the War’ (4.7)

7

Singapore

After some brief instructions from the teacher, students complete self-directed research on the course and possible consequences of the fall of Singapore. Using this research, students write a short (300-400 words) newspaper article on the fall of Singapore and its importance to Australia.


Homework Task:

If not completed in class time, students complete their articles for homework.


Literacy focus/ICT focus

Australia’s involvement in WWII.
Identify the places where Australians fought in WWII.

5.2 assesses the impact of international events and relationships on Australia’s history.
5.4 sequences major historical events to show an understanding of continuity, change and causation.


‘The Fall of Singapore’ (4.8)

8

Asking the US for Help

  • Asking Britain/ Britain’s response

  • Asking US for help

Students read through a passage as a class. The following short answer questions and source analysis are also completed through group discussion.


Literacy focus

Australia’s changing relations with Britain and the USA during WWII.
Explain how and why Australia’s relationship with Britain and the USA changed during WWII.

5.2 assesses the impact of international events and relationships on Australia’s history.
5.4 sequences major historical events to show an understanding of continuity, change and causation.
5.5 identifies, comprehends and evaluates historical sources.

‘Asking for Help’ (4.9)

9

Conscription

Students complete a cloze passage on conscription in Australia.


Students then brainstorm possible arguments for and against conscription.
Homework Task:

Students take the role of a government minister and write a brief speech. Using ideas from brainstorming session as a basis, half the class argue for conscription, half the class argue against conscription.


Literacy focus

Wartime government controls including:

  • Conscription


Describe the controls on civilian life imposed by the wartime government.
Outline arguments for and against such controls in wartime.

5.3 explains the changing rights and freedoms of Aboriginal peoples and other groups in Australia.

5.6 explains different contexts, perspectives and interpretations of the past.




‘Conscription’ (4.10)
‘Conscription Homework’ (4.11)

10

Kokoda

Students first complete a map activity, plotting the Kokoda track and important sites in the Kokoda campaign.


Using map activity as a reference, discussion on whiteboard covering:

  • Reasons for the Kokoda campaign

  • Who went

  • Early losses


Literacy focus

The experiences of Australians serving in WWII, with particular emphasis on ONE of the following:

  • Kokoda or another New Guinea campaign


Describe the experiences of Australians serving in WWII, with emphasis on the chosen study.

5.2 assesses the impact of international events and relationships on Australia’s history.
5.4 sequences major historical events to show an understanding of continuity, change and causation.


‘Kokoda’ (4.12)

11

Kokoda

Students examine the stimulus material provided, then create a mind map as a class on the conditions on the Kokoda track.


Students then complete ‘think, pair, share’ activity, using a second set of stimulus materials, on the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels.
Literacy focus

The experiences of Australians serving in WWII, with particular emphasis on ONE of the following:

  • Kokoda or another New Guinea campaign


Describe the experiences of Australians serving in WWII, with emphasis on the chosen study.

5.5 identifies, comprehends and evaluates historical sources.
5.7 explains different contexts, perspectives and interpretations of the past.


‘Road to Kokoda! (1942)’ (on disc)
‘Kokoda Conditions’ (4.13)
‘Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels’ (4.14)
‘Fuzzy Wuzzy Think, Pair, Share’ (4.15)

12

Kokoda

Discussion on whiteboard covering:



  • Pushing the Japanese back

  • Reasons for turn-around

  • Importance of victory

Students then complete a find-a-word activity reviewing some of the terms and concepts relating to Australia’s involvement in WWII covered so far.


Literacy focus

The experiences of Australians serving in WWII, with particular emphasis on ONE of the following:

  • Kokoda or another New Guinea campaign


Describe the experiences of Australians serving in WWII, with emphasis on the chosen study.

5.2 assesses the impact of international events and relationships on Australia’s history.
5.4 sequences major historical events to show an understanding of continuity, change and causation.


‘WWII Find-a-Word’ (4.16)
‘WWII Find-a-Word Solutions’ (4.17)

13

Life on the Home Front

Using computers, students complete an activity matching an image with the corresponding text. Each student should complete their own copy of the task, but students may work in pairs.


Homework Task:

If not completed in class, ‘Life on the Home Front’ should be completed for homework.


Literacy focus/ICT focus

The impact of war on Australian civilians
Explain the impact of war on Australian civilians

5.2 assesses the impact of international events and relationships on Australia’s history.
5.7 explains different contexts, perspectives and interpretations of the past.


‘Life on the Home Front Instructions’ (4.18)
‘Life on the Home Front’ (4.19)

14

Government Controls

Students complete a short quiz to introduce the topic.

Notes and discussion covering:


  • Manpower controls

  • Censorship

  • Blackouts


Literacy focus

Wartime government controls including:

  • Manpower controls

  • Censorship


Describe controls on civilian life imposed by the wartime government.
Outline arguments for and against such controls in wartime.

5.3 explains the changing rights and freedoms of Aboriginal peoples and other groups in Australia.


‘Government Controls’ (4.20)
‘Government Controls Answers’ (4.21)

15

Government Controls (Continued)

Notes and discussion covering:



  • Rationing

  • Internment

Students watch excerpts from an episode of ‘Field of Fire’ and try to spot as many examples of government controls as they can.


Literacy focus

Wartime government controls including:

  • Rationing


Describe controls on civilian life imposed by the wartime government.
Outline arguments for and against such controls in wartime.

5.3 explains the changing rights and freedoms of Aboriginal peoples and other groups in Australia.


‘Fields of Fire’ (Disc 1, Part 2)

18:30-24:00

27:30-30:50

56:30-57:17

‘Spot the Controls’ (4.22)


16

Attacks on Australia

Notes covering



  • Newcastle shelling

  • Darwin bombings

  • Apollo Bay, Vic

  • Cape Londonderry, WA

  • Broome, WA

Students complete a brief empathy task describing what an Australian in 1942 might be feeling following the first bombing of Darwin.


Literacy focus

The impact of war on Australian civilians.
Explain the impact of the war on Australian civilians.

5.2 assesses the impact of international events and relationships on Australia’s history.
5.4 sequences major historical events to show an understanding of continuity, change and causation.


‘Empathy Task’ (4.23)

17

Midget Sub Attacks on Sydney Harbour

Students complete ‘Attack on Sydney Harbour’, putting events in order to create a detailed account of the midget submarine attack on Sydney. Using the information from the passage, students complete a diagram of common precautions used on Sydney beaches during WWII.


Literacy focus/Numeracy focus

The impact of war on Australian civilians with particular emphasis on ONE of the following:

  • The Japanese submarine attack on Sydney


Explain the impact of the war on Australian civilians with a particular emphasis on the chosen study.

5.2 assesses the impact of international events and relationships on Australia’s history.
5.4 sequences major historical events to show an understanding of continuity, change and causation.


‘Attack on Sydney Harbour’ (4.24)
‘Attack on Sydney Harbour Solutions’ (4.25)
‘WWII Beach Safety’ (4.26)

18, 19

Women in the War

Discussion and notes on women’s changing roles during the war. Discussion is broken into three sections:



  • 1939-1942

  • 1942-1945

  • After the war

Students complete a think, pair, share activity on why women were increasingly encouraged to join the workforce from 1942.


Literacy focus

The changing roles of Australian women in WWII
Describe the changing roles of women during WWII

5.3 explains the changing rights and freedoms of Aboriginal peoples and other groups in Australia.
5.7 explains different contexts, perspectives and interpretations of the past.


‘Women Think, Pair, Share’ (4.27)
‘w08_000969_nurses’ (image) (on disc)
‘w17_051637’ (image (on disc)
‘w33_138692’ (image) (on disc)


20

Women’s Auxiliaries

After brief discussion on whiteboard of what women’[s auxiliaries were, what roles they served etc, students perform their own research to complete a table of auxiliary statistics and information.



Homework Task:

If not completed in class time, table to be completed for homework.


ICT focus/Numeracy focus

The changing roles of Australian women in WWII
Describe the changing roles of women during WWII

5.3 explains the changing rights and freedoms of Aboriginal peoples and other groups in Australia.
5.7 explains different contexts, perspectives and interpretations of the past.


‘Women’s Auxiliaries’ (4.28)




Assessment

-

Students analyse at least four primary sources (two relating to Australian military service, two relating to the Australian home front). Sources must meet the following criteria:

  • At least four primary sources.

  • Two sources must be original (i.e. found by the student). Two may be taken from class work.

  • Must include at least one written source and one image.

  • Two sources must relate to Australian military service during WWII, and two must relate to the Australian home front.


ICT focus/ Literacy focus

The experiences of Australians serving in WWII
The impact of war on civilians
Describe the experiences of Australians serving in WWII.
Explain the impact of war on Australian civilians.



5.5 identifies, comprehends and evaluates historical sources.
5.7 explains different contexts, perspectives and interpretations of the past.


‘Australian and WWII Assessment Task’
‘Australia and WWII Rubric’


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