Understanding the Political History of Modern China : From 1840 until Today
Renmin University of China
本科生 硕士生 博士生
Undergraduate Master Doctoral student
Reading materials in English, in-class discussion preferable in English, presentation in English only.
Class discussion & participation 30%
Group presentation 30%
Literature review 10%
Final paper 30%
Dr. Lu XIA is currently an assistant professor at School of Marxism Studies at Renmin University. His major research interests include comparative politics (especially on comparative communism and authoritarian regime transition) and modern Chinese politics (especially on the building of modern state and its relation to the society). Dr. XIA obtained his BA degree in political science and held the MA degree in comparative politics from Renmin University of China in 2007 and 2009 respectively. He obtained Ph.D. degree in comparative politics at The University of Hong Kong in 2013. Dr. XIA was a visiting fellow at The University Service Centre for China Studies at The Chinese University of Hong Kong in April 2015. He is now conducting a project on the adaptive innovation of the Chinese Communist Party-state’s governance.
How has China’s grand transformation to a modern nation-state shaped the country’s state-society relationship today? By focusing on the tensions and conflicts between the Chinese state and the country’s evolving civil society, this course surveys the major protests, rebellions and revolutions in China in the past 150 years. From a comparative perspective, this course particularly examines the economic, social, political and organizational resources that had facilitated various Chinese resistance movements during the country’s long and tedious journey to modernity. It also explores how China’s revolutionary past had significantly influenced the social movements of Greater China areas today. Weekly topics include but are not limited to: the Chinese revolutionary tradition, the concept of “the mandate of heaven”, Chinese secret societies & the Triad, underground religions & cults past and present, the Chinese communist movement, the legacies of the Cultural Revolution, the democratic movement of Tianan’men in 1989, the latest outburst of nationalism in Mainland China, and vairous new forms of social resistance under the ongoing market reforms. Being part of the common core curriculum, this course is also designed to equip the students with conceptual frameworks to critically analyze the causes, processes and outcomes of social protests, rebellions and revolutions in general and to further their understanding on contentious politics—a crucial aspect of human society.
Session2 When East Meets West: Struggling for “Chinese-ness”, or Not?
Session3 Secret Society, Underground Religion and Revolution
Session4 1911: The Sudden Collapse of the Ancien Régime
Session5 Utopia: The Chinese Communist Revolution
Session6 The Great Leap and its Enemies
Session7 Revolution is Not a Dinner Party: Chairman Mao and His Red Guards
Session8 The Idealism of the 1980s
Session 1 Challenging the Mandate of Heaven: An Introduction
John K. Fairbank, The Great Chinese Revolution: 1800-1985 (New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1987), pp.1-11.
Roderick MacFarquhar, “The People’s Republic of China at Sixty”, in The People’s