Unit 2/3 Industrialization and the Gilded Age / American Society In Transition (3 weeks) Big Picture Questions: Describe the factors that led to the dramatic expansion of American industry in the late 1800s

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Unit 2/3 Industrialization and the Gilded Age / American Society In Transition (3 weeks)
Big Picture Questions:
Describe the factors that led to the dramatic expansion of American industry in the late 1800s, to what extent if any are these factors responsible for the making of the United States into an industrial giant?

Bessemer process

Commercial use of electricity

Alexander Graham Bell

Thomas Edison

Specific Inventions: sewing machine, passenger elevator, typewriter, telephone, electric light bulb, and the airplane

Transcontinental railroad

Development of a national market

Population growth-Immigration



Free Enterprise system

Laissez-faire policy

Entrepreneurs during the Gilded Age exercised a dominant influence over the economy of the late 1800s. To what extent are these entrepreneurs, such as Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller, accountable to descriptions of them as both a “Captain of Industry” and the more critical term of “Robber Baron”?


Gilded Age

Captain of Industry

Robber barons

Andrew Carnegie

John D. Rockefeller


Andrew Carnegie, Gospel of Wealth


Standard Oil

To what extent did the labor unions of the late 1800s and early 1900s improve the lives of average workers?

Problems faced by workers

Child labor

Knights of Labor

Terrence Powderly

American Federation of Labor

Samuel Gompers

Closed shops



Sherman Anti-Trust Act

Haymarket affair of 1886

Big Picture Questions:
Was the growth of cities in the late 1800s primarily detrimental or beneficial to American politics, economics, and society?


Cyrus McCormick’s Reaper

Problems created by growing cities


Political machines

Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall

To what extent did immigration to the United States in the late 1800s and early 1900s

change American economics, politics, and society?

Push and pull factors

New Immigrants

Ellis Island

Ethnic “Ghettos” or enclaves




Melting Pot


Chinese Exclusion Act 1882

U.S. v. Wong Kim Ark (1898)

Was the westward migration of Americans after 1865 brought about primarily by

developments in transportation, economics, or government policy?


Settlement of the Frontier

Gold Rush 1848-49, 1896

Indian Wars


Buffalo extermination

Homestead Act of 1862

Cattle Industry

Farming on the Great Plains

To what extent did the policies of the U.S. government after 1865 lead to the

mistreatment of Native Americans?

Native American Indians

Indian Wars

Factors eroding Native American Control of the West


Dawes Act 1887 and shortcomings

American Indian Citizen Act 1924

Instructional Focus: In this unit the focus is on the emergence of the United States as a major industrial power. The unit is divided into three sub-categories of factors promoting industrialization, rise of captains of industry, conditions of labor and attempts to control big business.
Instructional Focus: In the late 19th century massive changes affected American Society. The focus of these changes will be urbanization, industrialization, the closing of the American Frontier, and policies toward Native Americans. This unit is an excellent opportunity for examining primary sources (such as photos), maps, and charts. The focus of instruction should center around the idea of causes and effects.

Suggested Resources:

Videos of Robber Barrons

Excerpt: “Gospel of Wealth” 1889 - Andrew Carnegie

Gilded Age Prezi - meaning http://prezi.com/cw6jzsbgmspz/copy-of-the-gilded-age/?kw=view-cw6jzsbgmspz&rc=ref-5694104

Gilded Age- use a gold foil Hershey kiss to represent the meaning of Gilded

“A Century of Dishonor” Helen Hunt Jackson 1881
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