Unit 6 Exam Multiple Choice



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Unit 6 Exam

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. Otto von Bismarck was responsible for the



a.

creation of the Zollverein.

c.

loss of the Franco-Prussian War.

b.

unification of Germany.

d.

rise of Napoleon III.

____ 2. Which of the following was a result of the Franco-Prussian War?



a.

Prussia defeated France.

c.

Austria defeated Prussia.

b.

France defeated Prussia.

d.

France defeated Austria.

____ 3. Which of the following contributed to Germany’s growth as an industrial power under Bismarck?



a.

tight state control over industry

b.

a large overseas empire

c.

substantial iron and coal reserves

d.

Prussia’s victory over the French in the Franco-Prussian War

____ 4. The Kulturkampf refers to Bismarck’s attempt to



a.

encourage appreciation for the arts.

b.

destroy nationalist movements.

c.

discourage socialism.

d.

weaken the influence of the Catholic Church.

____ 5. William II of Germany pursued a foreign policy aimed at



a.

destroying the French navy.

b.

preventing foreigners from coming to Germany.

c.

winning overseas colonies for Germany.

d.

encouraging socialist revolutions in Africa and Asia.

____ 6. Which of the following made Italy hard to unite into a single country?



a.

lack of a common language

c.

lack of natural resources

b.

regional differences

d.

ethnic differences

____ 7. A major threat to the Hapsburg empire came from



a.

nationalist demands.

c.

socialist reformers.

b.

the Ottoman empire.

d.

the French.

____ 8. The revolution of 1905 broke out as a result of



a.

persecution of the Jews.

b.

the killing of demonstrators on Bloody Sunday.

c.

the freeing of the serfs.

d.

Napoleon’s invasion of Russia.

____ 9. Under Bismarck, Germany took a pioneering role in



a.

social and economic reform.

c.

socialist reform.

b.

political reform.

d.

judicial reform.

____ 10. The revolution of 1905 led to



a.

democracy in Russia.

c.

the freeing of Russian serfs.

b.

minor changes in Russia.

d.

equal voting rights for all citizens.

____ 11. Which of the following groups held the most power in Parliament in the early 1800s?



a.

middle-class men

c.

working-class men

b.

wealthy, landowning nobles

d.

wealthy industrialists

____ 12. In 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment gave



a.

African American men the right to vote.

c.

women the right to vote.

b.

citizenship to Native Americans.

d.

slaves their freedom.

____ 13. In the early 1800s, Parliament represented primarily the interests of



a.

everyone in Britain.

c.

wealthy landowners.

b.

mainly the middle class.

d.

the working-class majority.

____ 14. The Reform Bill of 1867 granted suffrage to



a.

working-class men.

c.

middle-class men.

b.

women.

d.

everyone over 30 years old.

____ 15. Which of the following would have most likely supported the Corn Laws in Britain?



a.

a wealthy industrialist

c.

a factory worker

b.

a farmer

d.

a lawyer

____ 16. Napoleon III appealed to the lower classes mainly because he



a.

made France a major industrial power.

c.

promised to end poverty.

b.

opposed Prussia.

d.

extended French influence to Mexico.

____ 17. Which of the following was an effect of the Dreyfus affair?



a.

increased sympathy for Jews

c.

reforms in the court system

b.

harsh laws against antisemitism

d.

demands for a Jewish state

____ 18. How did the Industrial Revolution encourage imperialism?



a.

It made Europeans feel sorry for their "little brothers."

b.

It created a need for land.

c.

It created a need for raw materials and markets.

d.

It made westerners feel obligated to improve the human species.

____ 19. Which of the following countries gained control of much of southern Africa during the 1800s?



a.

France

c.

Spain

b.

Italy

d.

Britain

____ 20. Which of the following was a result of the Sepoy Rebellion?



a.

India gained its independence.

b.

India became a protectorate of Britain.

c.

Britain began to rule India directly.

d.

The East India Company took over the rule of India.

____ 21. After 1900, Chinese reformers supported



a.

Confucian ideals.

c.

imperialism.

b.

westernization.

d.

Christianity.

____ 22. Which of the following was used as a justification for imperialism?



a.

genocide

c.

westernization

b.

Social Darwinism

d.

resistance to expansion

____ 23. In the Boer War, the British fought descendants of which settlers?



a.

Asante

c.

Ottoman Turk

b.

French

d.

Dutch

____ 24. Ethiopia was able to resist the Europeans because



a.

its leader was educated in the West.

b.

it had modern weapons and a well-trained army.

c.

it formed an alliance with the Ottomans.

d.

it had a favorable balance of trade.

____ 25. Which of the following was a cause of the Ottoman empire’s decline?



a.

the spread of Christianity

b.

the weakening of the central government

c.

the growth of democracy

d.

corrupting western influences


Essay

26. Drawing Conclusions Explain how imperialism could be described as both a blessing and a curse. Cite specific examples.



Unit 6 Exam

Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. B


2. A

3. C


4. D

5. C


6. B

7. A


8. B

9. A


10. B

11. B


12. A

13. C


14. A

15. B


16. C

17. D


18. C

19. D


20. C

21. B


22. B

23. D


24. B

25. B


ESSAY

26. Answers should suggest that the British made many positive improvements in India, including improving its transportation and communication systems and providing it with a good system of education. All of this helped India prosper in the twentieth century. However, Great Britain also exploited its human and natural wealth and held India back from developing its own modern identity.

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