Unit 8 The Progressive Era (1890’s to late 1910’s/early 1920’s) The Progressive Era

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6) Anti Trust Acts - laws that tried to stop the spread of monopolies such as the Clayton Anti-Trust Act and Sherman Anti-Trust Act.

7) Meat Inspection Act (1906) - cleanliness requirements for all meat plants that were enforced with inspectors

8) Pure Food and Drug Act (1906) - required companies to label ingredients in food and drug products

9) Muckrakers - reporters who expose problems, corruption and the abuse of industry

10) Upton Sinclair - wrote The Jungle a book about the unclean and unsafe conditions of the meatpacking industry.

11) Jacob Riis - photographed the horrible living conditions of the urban poor in his book How the Other Half Lives

12) Initiative - allows citizens, instead of politicians, to come up with state bills (ideas for laws)

13) Referendum - allows citizens, instead of politicians, to vote on certain state bills

14) Recall - allows citizens, instead of politicians, to remove a politician from office

15) Seneca Falls Convention (1848) – a meeting of women, led by Susan B. Anthony to demand Women's Suffrage.

16) Suffrage - the right to vote. The 19th Amendment grants Women’s Suffrage

17) Labor Unions- Groups of workers who used the threat of going on strike in order to bargain for better working condition and higher salaries. (Terrence Powderly’s Knights of Labor, Samuel Gomper’s American Federation of Labor - AFL)

18) Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire (1911) - 150 women die in a factory fire because of unsafe conditions

19) Tenements – small, unsafe apartments that immigrants in NYC would often live in.

20) Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall - The corrupt government of New York City that took advantage of people and immigrants through taxes, corrupt deals, etc.

21) Thomas Nastcartoonist who exposed corruption, especially against Boss Tweed.

22) Ida Tarbell – Wrote about the corruption of the Standard Oil Company.

23) Jane Adamsworked in Hull Houses that were houses for the poor.

24) Woodrow Wilsonanother Progressive President. His “New Nationalism Program” targeted child labor, better working conditions, regulating banks and breaking up trusts.

25) Progressive PresidentsPresidents T. Roosevelt, W. Wilson and W. Taft; each of these tried to create important economic, social and political reforms to address the problems of the time.

Study Questions

1) What was the Progressive Movement? Was it successful? Why/why not?

2) What was the Populist Movement? Was it successful? Why/why not?
3) What are muckrackers? Give three examples of three muckrackers and how they tried to accomplish change?

4) Who were the Progressive Presidents? How did they try to bring change? Were they successful? Why/whynot?

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