____ 20. How did Henry VIII react when the Pope refused to annul his marriage?
He started a war.
He took over the English church.
He started the Reformation.
He imposed fines on the Roman Catholic Church.
____ 21. The term "humanism," when applied to Renaissance Italy, refers primarily to the
renewed interest in the scientific method at many Italian universities
antireligious movement among leading Italian intellectuals
capitalist values advanced by leading Italian merchant bankers
scholarly interest in teh study of the classical cultures of Greece and Rome.
____ 22. "He desired glory and excellence beyond that of anyone else. He showed favor to vernacular poetry and all the fine arts. Under him the city was not free, but it would have been impossible for it to have had a better or more pleasing tyrant."
This passage most accurately describes
Lorenzo de' Medici
William of Orange
Frederick William I
____ 23. Which of the following beliefs was central to Martin Luther's religious philosophy?
The equality of men and women
Salvation through faith alone
The sacrament of penance
The priesthood defined as distinct from the laity.
____ 24. Italian society differed from the rest of Europe during the Renaissance in which of the following ways?
____ 25. "They are ungrateful, changeable, simulators and dissimulators, runaways in danger, eager for gain: whild you do well by them they are all yours; they offer you their blood, their property, their lives, their children when need is far off; but when it comes near you, they turn about."
The political assessment above of Renaissance citizens can be found in