Unit One Exam Do not write on this test!!!! Multiple Choice 5 Points Each Total: 150 Points



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Unit One Exam - Do not write on this test!!!!

Multiple Choice 1.5 Points Each Total: 150 Points

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.


Figure 9-1

____ 1. According to Figure 9-1, which of the following regions were most devastated by the Black Death?



a.

A and F

c.

C and D

b.

B

d.

E

____ 2. According to Figure 9-1, what percentage of the population died of the Black Death in Region A?



a.

under 15 percent

c.

15 to 50 percent

b.

The region was unaffected.

d.

over 50 percent

____ 3. According to Figure 9-1, which of the following regions was least affected by the Black Death?



a.

A

c.

C

b.

B

d.

D

____ 4. According to Figure 9-1, what percentage of the population died of the Black Death in Region C?



a.

under 15 percent

c.

over 50 percent

b.

15 to 50 percent

d.

The region was unaffected.

____ 5. What was the chief goal of the Crusades?



a.

to liberate Spain

c.

to free the Holy Land

b.

to conquer England

d.

to defeat the Hindus

____ 6. Which of the following was a result of the plague in Europe?



a.

economic decline

c.

the rebirth of Christianity

b.

political reform

d.

the Hundred Years’ War

____ 7. A major conflict between the Holy Roman emperors and the popes concerned



a.

who would appoint bishops.

c.

who would control England.

b.

the right to succession.

d.

the right to wage war.

____ 8. Which of the following was a result of the Crusades?



a.

permanent conquest of the Holy Land by Christians

b.

religious tolerance in Western Europe

c.

increased trade in Western Europe

d.

the reunification of the Roman and Byzantine churches

____ 9. Which of the following best describes the Church during the late Middle Ages?



a.

It provided strong moral leadership.

b.

It wielded great political power.

c.

It grew weak and divided.

d.

It offered great comfort to people during hard times.

____ 10. Why is Joan of Arc remembered?



a.

She led a peasant uprising that ended feudalism.

b.

She led the French to victories against the English in the Hundred Years’ War.

c.

She led English troops in the Hundred Years’ War.

d.

She drove the English from Calais.

____ 11. The artists of the Renaissance focused on



a.

humanistic concerns.

c.

the universe.

b.

the spiritual world.

d.

the Catholic Church.

____ 12. Why is Albrecht Dürer often compared to Leonardo da Vinci?



a.

He spoke several languages.

c.

He painted many scenes of peasants.

b.

He had wide-ranging interests.

d.

He studied art in Spain.

____ 13. The development of printing in Europe led to



a.

religious tolerance.

b.

increased competition with China.

c.

increased literacy.

d.

increased corruption in the Roman Catholic Church.

____ 14. Luther criticized the Roman Catholic Church for



a.

selling indulgences.

c.

translating the Bible into German.

b.

preaching forgiveness.

d.

believing in the Bible.

____ 15. Which of the following was a result of the Catholic Reformation?



a.

witch hunts

b.

increased tolerance for religious minorities

c.

the end of the Protestant religion

d.

the spread of Calvinism

____ 16. Which of the following contributed to the birth of the Renaissance in Italy?



a.

a new translation of the Bible

c.

the development of oil painting

b.

a wealthy and powerful merchant class

d.

the rise of Protestantism

____ 17. Which of the following best explains why the Renaissance occurred in northern Europe later than it did in Italy?



a.

There was little interest in the arts in northern Europe.

b.

The Black Death delayed economic growth in northern Europe.

c.

Few people were educated in northern Europe.

d.

Northern Europe was a region of peasants.

____ 18. Which of the following was an effect of the printing revolution in the 1500s?



a.

the spread of new ideas

c.

increased competition with China

b.

decreased funding for the arts

d.

the beginning of compulsory education

____ 19. Luther believed that



a.

good deeds were necessary for salvation.

b.

the Pope was the sole religious authority.

c.

the Bible was a hoax.

d.

salvation could be achieved through faith alone.

____ 20. How did Henry VIII react when the Pope refused to annul his marriage?



a.

He started a war.

b.

He took over the English church.

c.

He started the Reformation.

d.

He imposed fines on the Roman Catholic Church.

____ 21. The term "humanism," when applied to Renaissance Italy, refers primarily to the



a.

renewed interest in the scientific method at many Italian universities

c.

antireligious movement among leading Italian intellectuals

b.

capitalist values advanced by leading Italian merchant bankers

d.

scholarly interest in teh study of the classical cultures of Greece and Rome.

____ 22. "He desired glory and excellence beyond that of anyone else. He showed favor to vernacular poetry and all the fine arts. Under him the city was not free, but it would have been impossible for it to have had a better or more pleasing tyrant."


This passage most accurately describes

a.

Lorenzo de' Medici

c.

William of Orange

b.

John Calvin

d.

Frederick William I

____ 23. Which of the following beliefs was central to Martin Luther's religious philosophy?



a.

The equality of men and women

c.

Salvation through faith alone

b.

The sacrament of penance

d.

The priesthood defined as distinct from the laity.

____ 24. Italian society differed from the rest of Europe during the Renaissance in which of the following ways?



a.

Strong traditions of kinship

c.

number of urban commericial centers

b.

political unity centered on the papacy

d.

rapid pace of agricultural innovation.

____ 25. "They are ungrateful, changeable, simulators and dissimulators, runaways in danger, eager for gain: whild you do well by them they are all yours; they offer you their blood, their property, their lives, their children when need is far off; but when it comes near you, they turn about."


The political assessment above of Renaissance citizens can be found in

a.

Castiglione's The Courtier

c.

Cellini's Autobiography

b.

More's Utopia

d.

Machiavelli's The Prince

____ 26. Which statement about Renaissance Florence is false?



a.

It was a major banking center

c.

It was an important Mediterranean port city.

b.

Its major industry was wool production

d.

It lost about half of its population during the Black death.

____ 27. A primary difference between the Italian and the Northern Renaissance was that the latter was:



a.

more secular

c.

more concerned with national issues

b.

more religious

d.

relatively unimportant for their societies

____ 28. Just before the advent of Ferdinand and Isabella, the Iberian Peninsula could best be described as



a.

a heterogenous region consisting of several ethnic groups and diverse languages and cultures

c.

a culturally poor and backward region.

b.

an area more tied to North Africa than to Europe.

d.

a region dominated equally by Arabs and Jews in both numbers and power.

____ 29. Luther tacked his 95 Theses to the Wittengberg church door in response to:



a.

the illiteracy of the clergy

c.

the oppressive rule of Frederick of Saxon.

b.

the sale of indulgences

d.

the violent uprising of peasants.

____ 30. The first symptom of the bubonic plague was



a.

cold chills

c.

high fever

b.

vomiting

d.

a goil the size of a nut or apple in the armpit, groin or neck.

____ 31. In general, the clergy during the plague



a.

cared for the sick and buried the dead

c.

let nuns take care of the sick

b.

fled to monasteries in the countryside

d.

were relatively untouched by the epidemic

____ 32. During the Hundred Years' War, the English kings were supported by some French barons because the latter



a.

disapproved of the Babylonian Captivity.

c.

wanted to stop the French monarchy's centralizing efforts.

b.

were promised estates in England.

d.

were Lollards.

____ 33. The English victory at the Battle of Crecy resulted from



a.

the use of hand-held firearms.

c.

their alliance with the Germans.

b.

the effective use of longbows.

d.

the chivalric superiority of the English knights.

____ 34. The ______ whipped and scourged themselves as penance for their and society's sins.



a.

mendicants

c.

pope and his closest advisors

b.

flagellants

d.

women of London

____ 35. In the absence of the papacy during the Babylonian Captivity, Rome



a.

experienced an economic rebirth.

c.

was racked by heretical uprisings.

b.

pledged its allegiance to the Byzantine empire.

d.

was left poverty stricken.

____ 36. Theologian John Wyclif argued that



a.

the conciliar movement was heretical.

c.

there was no Trinity.

b.

Scripture alone should determine church belief and practice.

d.

popes should be elected by all members of the clergy.

____ 37. In the Middle Ages, who and when a person married were determined by



a.

economic considerations and parental direction.

c.

accidental pregnancies.

b.

romantic love.

d.

physical attraction.

____ 38. From 1309 to 1376, the popes lived in



a.

Avignon.

c.

Venice.

b.

Paris.

d.

Amsterdam.

____ 39. Jan Hus died



a.

at the stake.

c.

in exile.

b.

of old age.

d.

while trying to escape.

____ 40. The first artistic and literary manifestation of the Italian Renaissance appeared in



a.

Florence.

c.

Venice.

b.

Rome.

d.

Naples.

____ 41. The Italian popolo



a.

established democracies in the Italian city-states.

c.

were never able to influence Italian politics.

b.

desired government offices and equality of taxation.

d.

controlled the wool industry.

____ 42. By 1300, most of the Italian city-states were ruled by either signori or



a.

kings.

c.

elected assemblies.

b.

oligarchies.

d.

ecclesiastical princes.

____ 43. The official attitude toward rape indicates that



a.

the status of women had improved.

c.

it was not seen as a serious crime against either the victim or society.

b.

it was a serious crime against the victim and society.

d.

prostitution was designed to eradicate the crime.

____ 44. The Florentine Office of the Night was created to control



a.

homosexual activites.

c.

the outbreak of heresy during the Renaissance.

b.

prostitution.

d.

taverns.

____ 45. The Italian Renaissance had as one of its central components



a.

a Christian himility.

c.

a glorification of individual genius.

b.

a concern for the improvement of society in general.

d.

the attempt to use art to educate the urban masses.

____ 46. Italian humanists stressed the



a.

study of the classics for what they could reveal about human nature.

c.

role of the church in the reform of society.

b.

study of the classics in order to understand the divine nature of God.

d.

study of Revelation for a clue to the date of the Second Coming.

____ 47. The most important factor in the emergence of the Italian Renaissance was the



a.

decline of religious feeling.

c.

great commercial revival in Italy.

b.

political disunity of Italy.

d.

creation of powerful, centralized monarchies.

____ 48. The leaders of the Catholic church



a.

ignored the Renaissance.

c.

readily adopted the Renaissance spirit, especially when it came to art.

b.

ateempted to crush the secularism of the Renaissance.

d.

came to believe that the Renaissance had caused the Reformation.

____ 49. Castiglione's manual on gentlemanly conduct



a.

focused on ridding oneself of vermin.

c.

asserted that real men need not learn French.

b.

suggested that early choice of a profession was crucial in becoming a gentleman.

d.

suggested that gentlemen cultivate their abilities in a variety of fields, athletics to music to art to mathematics.

____ 50. ________'s On the Dignity of Man argued that there are no limits on what humans can achieve.



a.

Lorenzo Valla

c.

Da Vinci

b.

Pico della Mirandola

d.

Dante

____ 51. According to Machiavelli, the sole test of "good" government was whether it



a.

provided the necessary public services.

c.

protected the liberty of its citizens.

b.

was based on Christian morality.

d.

was effective.

____ 52. The invention of movable type led to all of the following except



a.

increased literacy.

c.

the use of government propaganda.

b.

the use of French as the language of polite society.

d.

the inculcation of national loyalties

____ 53. _______'s Decameron embodied the new secular spirit.



a.

Boccaccio

c.

Petrarch

b.

Pico della Mirandola

d.

Lorenzo Valla

____ 54. Thomas More's Utopia placed the blame for society's problems on



a.

human nature.

c.

society itself.

b.

God's will.

d.

the individual.

____ 55. According to the Dutch humanist Erasmus, the key to reform was



a.

adherence to church dogma.

c.

the concerted effot that only a strong state could afford.

b.

education.

d.

a pious life.

____ 56. During the Renaissance, the status of upper-class women



a.

improved.

c.

varied from city to city.

b.

remained unchanged.

d.

declined.

____ 57. According to the text, Thomas More's Utopia was remarkable for its time because it asserted



a.

that flawed social institutions were responsible for human corruption.

c.

that flaws in the divine nature were responsible for human corruption.

b.

that North America would one day be the site of the greatest power in world history.

d.

that human beings evolved from "lower" animals.

____ 58. Black slaves were ______ in the Renaissance court of Northern Italy.



a.

unkown

c.

greatly in demand

b.

little valued

d.

used only for manual labor

____ 59. The _________ recognized the French king's right to select French bishops and abbots.



a.

Concordat of Worms

c.

Treaty of Milan

b.

Peace of Paris

d.

Concordat of Bolgna

____ 60. In the fifteenth century, many clerics held more than one benefice, a practice known as



a.

pluralism.

c.

indulgence.

b.

investiture.

d.

councilarism.

____ 61. Martin Luther's father was a



a.

priest.

c.

wool merchant.

b.

poor peasant.

d.

miner.

____ 62. In 1521, Charles V ordered Luther to appear before



a.

Diet of Worms.

c.

Diet of Wittenburg.

b.

Council of Augsburg.

d.

Tribunal of the Holy Office.

____ 63. Luther saw the _________ as the special domain of women.



a.

church

c.

public market

b.

home

d.

convnet

____ 64. John Knox was influential in the Reformation in



a.

Ireland.

c.

Sweden.

b.

Scotland.

d.

Swabia.

____ 65. As a result of the Peace of Augsburg, the people of Germany



a.

remained catholics.

c.

converted to Lutheranism.

b.

were able to practice the religion of their choice.

d.

became either Luthern or Catholic depending on the preference of their prince.

____ 66. According to Calvin, the elect were



a.

the leaders of the Genevan Consistory.

c.

those individuals chosen for salvation.

b.

the intellectual leaders of the Reformation.

d.

the elected ministers of the church.

____ 67. According to the text, the Calvinist doctrine of predestination led to



a.

a moon of fatalism among Calvin's followers.

c.

a mass exodus from the city of Geneva.

b.

a withdrawl from the world of business and politics.

d.

a confidence among Calvinists in their own salvation.

____ 68. Anabaptists generally favored all of the following except



a.

opening the ministry to women.

c.

pacifism

b.

self-governing congregations.

d.

abolition of baptism.

____ 69. The Reformation in England was primarily the result of



a.

dynastic and romantic concerns of Henry VIII.

c.

efforts by Luther and his followers.

b.

the missionary activity of the Lollards.

d.

Elizabeth I's conversion to Presbyterian.

____ 70. The Catholic Reformation, started the 1540s as a response to the Protestant Reformation,



a.

sought to reform the liturgy of the Catholic church.

c.

sought to initiate institutional reform.

b.

sought to restore the conciliar movement.

d.

sought to stimulate a new spiritualism.


Matching - 1 Point each

a.

Flagellants

g.

Gabelle

b.

Schism

h.

Conciliarists

c.

Buba

i.

Popolo

d.

Merchet

j.

Pluralism

e.

Oligarchies

k.

Usury

f.

Signori

l.

Simony

____ 71. A division between the church and the common people caused by inflation, wars and the plague.

____ 72. Fine paid to a lord by a prospective brides parents

____ 73. Lending money at interest.

____ 74. Groups who whipped and punished themselves for pentance.

____ 75. Tax on salt used to strengthen royal finances

____ 76. Classic symptom of the plague - a growth in the armpit, groin or neck.

____ 77. Holding several church offices at the same time.

____ 78. ruling power belongs to a few people

____ 79. Believed that the power of the church should be more balanced.

____ 80. Selling of church offices

____ 81. One man ruler - despot

____ 82. Group of men excluded from office because of birth.

Essay - Use an outline that gives the basic information of your response then use details to thoroughlly answer the question. (20 pts)

83. ANALYSIS: 20 Pts Analyze the influence of humanism on the visual arts in the Italian Renaissance. Use at least THREE specific works to support your analysis.


The essay should have the following things to receive full credit:

* Has a relevant thesis

* Addresses all parts of the question.

* Supports thesis with specific evidence.

* Is well organized.

Unit One Exam - Do not write on this test!!!!

Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. A


2. D

3. C


4. A

5. C


6. A

7. A


8. C

9. C


10. B

11. A


12. B

13. C


14. A

15. A


16. B

17. B


18. A

19. D


20. B

21. D


22. A

23. C


24. C

25. D


26. C

27. B


28. A

29. B


30. D

31. A


32. C

33. B


34. B

35. D


36. B

37. A


38. A

39. A


40. A

41. B


42. B

43. C


44. A

45. C


46. A

47. C


48. C

49. D


50. B

51. D


52. B

53. A


54. C

55. B


56. D

57. A


58. C

59. D


60. A

61. D


62. A

63. B


64. B

65. D


66. C

67. D


68. D

69. A


70. C

MATCHING

71. B


72. D

73. K


74. A

75. G


76. C

77. J


78. E

79. H


80. L

81. F


82. I

ESSAY

83. Answers will vary

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