Unit Three Test Multiple Choice



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Unit Three Test

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. The statement “No taxation without representation” was partly influenced by the thinking of



a.

Adam Smith

c.

Baron de Montesquieu

b.

John Locke

d.

Thomas Hobbes

____ 2. Galileo's greatest achievement was his



a.

synthesis of the new scientific discoveries

d.

postulation of a heliocentric universe

b.

elaboration and consolidationof the experimental method

e.

invention of the convection oven to cook turkey.

c.

invention of the telescope.

____ 3. Before the Scientific Revolution, Europeans view of the universe was based on the ideas of



a.

Plato

d.

Isaac Newton

b.

medieval scholastics

e.

Aristotle

c.

Aristarchus

____ 4. Before 1500, science was primarily a branch of



a.

theology

d.

medicine

b.

rhetoric

e.

astronomy

c.

law

____ 5. According to ____________________'s theory of inertia, rest is not the natural state of objects.



a.

Bacon

d.

Newton

b.

Copernicus

e.

Galileo

c.

Brahe

____ 6. The key feature of Newton's system was the law of



a.

planetary motion

d.

constant acceleration

b.

universal gravitation

e.

equivalence of mass and energy

c.

reciprocity

____ 7. Empiricism emphasized



a.

the use of deductive reasoning

d.

greater reliance on mathematical equations.

b.

reliance on the authority of other scientists

e.

the actual observation of phenomena.

c.

the use of scientific instruments

____ 8. The Enlightenment reached its highest development in France for all the following reasons except.



a.

French was the international language of the educated class.

d.

French philosophes asked fundamental questions about the meaning of life, God, human, nature, good and evil, and cause and effect.

b.

French scientists and universities were the most preeeminent in the Scientific Revolution.

e.

French philosophes sought actively to influence the educated public.

c.

the level of censorship and repression was somewhat less than that in most of Europe.

____ 9. In the Spirit of Laws, Montesquieu argued for



a.

direct democracy

d.

the separation of governmental powers.

b.

enlightened absolutism

e.

cultural relativism

c.

popular sovereignity

____ 10. In general, what was Voltaire's attitude toward government?



a.

He believed in democracy, likem most philosphes.

d.

He believed in enlightened despotism as long as he could be the despot.

b.

He believed that a good monarch was the best one could hope for.

e.

He believed in Enlightened Theocracy.

c.

He saw the despot or autocrat as designated by God.

____ 11. Rousseau's concept of the "general will" asserts that



a.

enlightened monarchs protect the interests of the entire society and should be relied on for reform.

d.

sovereignity resides in the people.

b.

only by direct democracy can the people's political wishes be conveyed.

e.

public opinion polling can be a valuable support to democracy.

c.

authentic, long-term needs of the people can be correctly interpreted by a farseeing minority.

____ 12. A striking feature of the salons was that



a.

clerics were banned

d.

members of the working classes often attended.

b.

philosophes,nobles, and members of the upper middle class intermingled.

e.

their main purpose was making marriage matches between poor nobles and wealthy commoners.

c.

they were often sponsored by the government.

____ 13. The "enlightened" policies of Frederick II of Prussia included all of the following except



a.

freeing the Prussian serfs

d.

promoting schools

b.

abolition of the torture of prisoners.

e.

religious toleration

c.

permitting scholars wide latitude to publish what they wished.

____ 14. Catherine the Great of Russia came to power in 1762 through



a.

inheritance of the throne from her mother Elizabeth.

d.

a military coup

b.

an invitation from the Russian Senate to rule.

e.

election by the boyars.

c.

Frederick II of Prussia's invasion of Russia.

____ 15. To improve the rural economy and lives of the peasants, Empress Maria Theresa



a.

regulated the church more closely

d.

reduced nobles' power over their serfs

b.

ordered the adoption of scientific farming techniques

e.

established a bank to make loans to peasants on easy terms.

c.

abolished serfdom

____ 16.

The agricultural revolution was first manifested in

a.

England

d.

North America

b.

the Low Countries

e.

France

c.

Sweden

____ 17. The English Navigation Acts not only mandated that all English imports and exports be transported on English ships, they also



a.

restricted English banks from making foreign loans

d.

created an alliance with the Dutch against the French.

b.

initiated Englih involvement in the transatlantic slave trade.

e.

prevented the American colonists from building ships.

c.

gave British merchants a virtual monopoly on trade with British colonies.

____ 18. At the end of the seventeenth century, at least ________ percent of western Europeans were involved in agriculture.



a.

80

d.

50

b.

70

e.

90

c.

60

____ 19. The leadership of the Dutch people in farming can be attributed primarily to



a.

the exceptional fertility of their lands.

d.

their strong nobility.

b.

the necessity to provide for a large densely populated country.

e.

their Calvinism.

c.

the leadership of the Dutch scientific community.

____ 20. Jethro Tull's contributions to English agriculture were the product of



a.

good luck

d.

speculative reasoning

b.

empirical research

e.

university study.

c.

deductive reasoning

____ 21. The social group on which the success of the English agricultural revolution depended was the



a.

landowning aristocracy

d.

independent peasant farmers

b.

landless peasants

e.

Dutch agronomists.

c.

tenant farmers

____ 22. By 1800, _________ had the largest population in Europe.



a.

Spain

d.

England

b.

Italy

e.

Russia

c.

France

____ 23. In 1790 blacks made up about _____ percent of the US population



a.

20

d.

10

b.

35

e.

2

c.

5

____ 24. All of the following were shortcomings of the putting-out system from the capitalists' point of view except



a.

inability to enforce quotas

d.

disputes with workers over weights of materials delivered.

b.

rigid production techniques

e.

difficulty making workers produce steadily.

c.

poor quality control

____ 25. Typically, the putting-out industry employed



a.

only women

d.

men and older boys

b.

rural families

e.

older women in countryside

c.

urban workers

____ 26. For cottage workers, "holy Monday" was



a.

payday

d.

the due date for the previous week's work

b.

the delivery day for raw materials

e.

a day of relaxation.

c.

a day spent in church

____ 27. The Navigation Acts were a form of economic warfare that initially targeted the



a.

Dutch

d.

American colonists

b.

French

e.

Swedes

c.

Spanish

____ 28. Olaudah Equiano was



a.

a freed slave from Nigeria who settled in London

d.

an African missionary who introduced Christianity into the African inventor.

b.

viceroy of New Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession.

e.

a Quaker of African descent who produced Philadelphia's first daily newspaper.

c.

the king of Nigeria.

____ 29. The decisive round in the colonial conflict between England and France was the



a.

Seven Year's War

d.

War of the Spanish Succession

b.

Thrity Year's War

e.

American War of Independence

c.

War of the Austrian Succession

____ 30. _________________'s Wealth of Nations argued for the value of free markets.



a.

Jethro Tull

d.

Olaudah Equiano

b.

Lord Townsend

e.

David Ricardo

c.

Adam Smith

____ 31. In 17th and 18th century Europe, most couples



a.

married in their teens

d.

married in their late twenties

b.

lived together before marriage

e.

had 3 or fewer children

c.

included an older husband and young wife.

____ 32. Prior to 1750, premarital sex



a.

was nonexistant

d.

resulted in a high percentage of illegitimate children

b.

occurred only among the upper classes

e.

was punishable by a prison term.

c.

was commonplace

____ 33. According to the text, one reason for the abusive treatment of young children working in early English factories was probably



a.

the lack of laws against corporal punishment of children.

d.

the Anglican clergy's endorsement of such treatment.

b.

the fact that this was normal treatment for children of the time.

e.

the great stress that their foremen experienced.

c.

the absence of children's mothers from the factory shop floor.

____ 34. Underlying the "lligetimacy explosion" of 1750-1850 the authors see



a.

the growth of cottage industry and peasant migration to the cities.

d.

Protestantism's stress on women's equality.

b.

the decline of traditional moral standards due to the Enlightenment.

e.

the sexual exploitation of poor girls by wealthy men.

c.

decreasing availability of birth control in the countryside.

____ 35. According to the text, the diet of wealthy Europeans in the 18th century



a.

was much more healthy than that of common folk.

d.

was high in vitamins A and C

b.

included large amounts of meat and sweets

e.

was mostly "pasta et fromage"

c.

was far better than that of the rich today.

____ 36. The diet of the poorer classes consisted largely of bread and



a.

meat and eggs

d.

wild game

b.

dairy products

e.

mead

c.

vegetables

____ 37. A severe deficiency in vitamin C results in the disease known as



a.

anemai

d.

scurvy

b.

over-turkey

e.

APEurogivitis

c.

dysentery

____ 38. In addition to supervising labor and birth, midwives generally



a.

practiced witchcraft

d.

assisted physicians

b.

treated mental patients

e.

sold contraceptives.

c.

treated female medical difficulties such as irregular menstrual cycles, venereal disease, and breast-feeding problems.

____ 39. John Wesley founded the movement known as _________________



a.

Pietism

d.

Deism

b.

Methodism

e.

Anglicanism

c.

Reformism

____ 40. For Thanksgiving, Coach P will be singing /sung (white day classes) all of the following songs except



a.

"Sitting on the dock of the Turkey"

d.

"Turkey River Don't Run Dry"

b.

"I Like Big Turkeys and I can not lie"

e.

All of the above baby!

c.

"Back in Turkey"


Unit Three Test

Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. B


2. B

3. E


4. A

5. E


6. B

7. E


8. B

9. D


10. B

11. C


12. B

13. A


14. D

15. D


16. B

17. C


18. A

19. B


20. B

21. C


22. E

23. A


24. B

25. B


26. E

27. A


28. A

29. A


30. C

31. D


32. C

33. B


34. A

35. B


36. C

37. A


38. C

39. B


40. E

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