Federalism – State and federal governments each have powers—all the power is not in just one side—they each share powers. Ex: the national/federal government can declare war, the state government can regulate education, both can tax (so that’s aconcurrent power )
Article 4 states the powers of the state govts and the powers of the fed. govts
Analyze how the U.S. Constitution reflects the principles of separation of powers and checks and balances
Separation of powers – 3 branches of gov’t that all do something to the law
Legislative: MAKES the laws
Executive: ENFORCES or CARRIES OUT laws
Judicial: INTERPRETS the laws (determines whether laws are constitutional or not)
Articles 1, 2, and 3 define the powers of each branch and how they limit the others
Checks and balances – Each branch checks or limits the power of the other branches. Ex: president appoints the judges, yet the congress can block those appointments
Analyze how the U.S. Constitution reflects the principles of limited government, popular sovereignty, individual rights
Limited government- the rule of law applies to all of us—you, me, and our highest leaders, even the president. So the power of our gov’t is limited by laws…we are a “government of laws, not of men”
Popular sovereignty – the government’s power comes from the people, who exercise that power by voting—the consent of the governed
Articles 1 and 2reflect popular sovereignty in that we can choose/vote for leaders
Individual rights – freedoms, Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rightsprotects individual rights
Analyze the arguments of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, including those of A. Hamilton, P.Henry, J. Madison, and G. Mason
Federalists – want a strong central government; Alexander Hamilton and James Madison, John Jay- wrote the Federalists Papers
Anti-Federalists - fear a strong central government will abuse individual and states’ rights; Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee and George Mason- wrote Anti Federalists writings
Define and give examples of unalienable rights
Rights that cannot be taken away
Life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness.
Examples will vary.
Identify the influence of ideas from historical documents including the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, the Mayflower Compact, the Federalist Papers, and selected Anti-Federalist writings, on the U.S. System of government
Magna Carta- limited power of government
Mayflower Compact provided example of self-gov’t and majority rule.
The English Bill of Rights provided a model for our Bill of and Rights and Constitution.
Federalists Papers outlined that structure of the document that shaped our nation.