Ushx 1 The World Before the Opening of the Atlantic objectives



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USHX 1.1 The World Before the Opening of the Atlantic
OBJECTIVES

1. Student will explain where the first Americans come from by researching how the environment influenced early American culture.



2. Students will describe what was Europe like during the Middle Ages by comparing how trade affect the different regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas?

NOTES


1. The first Americans arrived in North America during the last Ice Age and formed different cultural groups.

2. Europeans would later establish colonies in North America.

3. Artifacts: objects used for study

4. Societies: a group that shares a common culture

5. TheInca Empire stretched from present-day Colombia to central Chile

6. Paleo- Indians were the first Americans

7. Culture is a community of shared values and traditions

8. Beringia was the land bridge that appeared between Asia and present-day Alaska

9. The Anasazi were southwestern Indians that built large pueblos.

10. Migration is the movement of people from one region to another

11. Hunter-gatherers were people who hunted animals and collected wild plants to provide for their needs

12. Mesoamerica had some of the earliest civilizations in the Americas

13. The Vikings were the first Europeans to have contact with Americans Indians.

14. A time of political/economic disorder in Europe were called the Middle Ages.

15. A pledged loyalty to a lord in exchange for protection is called feudalism.

16. King John of England agreed to sign the first constitution that was called the Magna Carta.

17. European towns grew as trade increased in the early 1200s

18. The Crusades were a series of wars fought for possession of the Holy Land.

19. The Silk Road was an overland trade route from China to the Black Sea.

20. The West African kingdom of Ghana grew wealthy from the gold trade.


USHX 1.1a The World Before the Opening of the Atlantic

IDENTIFYING CONCEPTS


1. d 5. g

2. e 6. a

3. b 7. c

4. f 8. h

REVIEWING FACTS


1. Vikings 5. towns

2. Middle Ages 6. Crusades

3. feudalism 7. Silk Road

4. Magna Carta 8. Ghana

Geography Skill


1. The ocean currents that would have helped Columbus on his journey westward were the Canary Current and the North Equatorial Current.

2. The winds that would have helped Columbus sail westward were the Northeast Trade Winds.

3. The ocean currents that would have helped Columbus on the return trip to Europe were the Gulf Stream and the North Atlantic Current.

4. The winds that would have helped on the return trip were the Westerlies.

5. Sailing with the prevailing ocean currents and wind patterns shortened the duration of Columbus’s voyage, even though a more direct route would have covered less distance.
Summary: In today’s lesson we discussed how artifacts provided information about the first Americans and how they formed a new cultures and societies.

HOMEWORK: Artifacts& Paleo-Indians

Artifacts: objects used for study

Paleo-Indians: Stone Age Americans Indians


Name __________________________ Class _______________ Date ________________



USHX 1.1: The World Before the Opening of the Atlantic
IDENTIFYING CONCEPTS: Match the letters of the descriptions with the appropriate terms.

______ 1. Beringia ______ 5. hunter-gatherers

______ 2. Anasazi ______ 6. Inca Empire

______ 3. Paleo- Indians ______ 7. culture

______ 4. migration ______ 8. Mesoamerica

a. stretched from present-day Colombia to central Chile

b. the first Americans

c. shared values and traditions

d. land bridge that appeared between northeastern Asia and present-day Alaska

e. southwestern group that built large pueblos and used irrigation

f. movement of people from one region to another

g. people who hunt animals and collect wild plants to provide for their needs

h. some of the earliest civilizations in the Americas developed here
REVIEWING FACTS: Choose the correct item from the following list to complete the statements below.

Middle Ages Ghana Magna Carta

Silk Road towns feudalism

Crusades Vikings



1. The first Europeans to have contact with Native Americans were ____________________.

2. The _______________________ were a time of political and economic disorder in E rope.

3. Under ___________________ people pledged loyalty to a lord in exchange for protection.

4. King John of England agreed to ________________ which established rights for nobles and limits on the king’s power.

5. As trade increased in the early 1200s, European _______________________ grew.

6. The ____________________ were a series of wars fought for possession of the Holy Land.

7. The _______________________ was an overland trade route from China to the Black Sea.

8. The West African kingdom of ____________________ grew wealthy from the gold trade.

Identify:


Artifacts:

Paleo-Indians:

Migration:

Societies:



Culture:
Summary: In your own words, summarize today’s lesson.

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