Captured and burned Atlanta and began his devastating march to the sea to capture Savannah, leaving a trail of near-total destruction.
Credited with the saying “ War is Hell” he was a major Architect of modern total war
(1820-1891) Born in Lancaster, Ohio, and was the sixth child of Charles R. and Mary Hoyt Sherman, Sherman was named for the Shawnee Indian leader Tecumseh. William was not added until 1830: after his father’s sudden death and his mother’s inability to provide for the family, he was baptized into the Catholic Church upon his entry into the home of Famous Whig politician, Thomas Ewing.
Sherman Studied at the US Military Academy, and graduating sixth in the class of 1840. He would have been forth except for demerits received because of his unwillingness to fallow regulations. Instead of gaining a slot in the prestigious Army Corps of Engineers, therefore, he settled for the Artillery, serving in Florida during the Second Seminole War (1840-42) in Alabama of Fort Morgan (1842) and in South Carolina at Fort Moultrie (1842-46)
With the outbreak of the Mexican War in 1846, Sherman sailed to California. He saw no combat, doing administrative work and policing the gold‐mining areas. Returning to the East (1850), he married his foster sister, Ellen Ewing, and served in the Commissary Corps in St. Louis and New Orleans. In 1853, he left the army to become a banker in San Francisco (1853–57) and New York (1857), a lawyer and real estate entrepreneur in Kansas (1858–59), and superintendent of the Louisiana Military Seminary (1859–61). When Louisiana seceded from the Union in 1861, Sherman reluctantly left the state, taking a position as president of a St. Louis street railway company.