War and diplomacy in 20th century america history 451



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WAR AND DIPLOMACY IN 20TH CENTURY AMERICA History 451


Dr. Bruce Kuklick M,W 10 Spring, 2007

I have designed this course to accomplish two purposes: to convey a body of information about the history of U.S. diplomacy, and to acquaint you with the techniques of argument and interpretation that diplomatic historians use.


To further these two purposes there will be three writing assignments. An in-class exam on Wednesday February 28th requires you to read part of Irwin Shaw’s The Young Lions. You should prepare to write an essay on the book and the work of the first part of the course.
A research paper is due wednesday MARCH 28th. NONE WILL BE ACCEPTED LATER. It should critically examine any problem in American diplomatic history in the period we are studying that strikes your fancy. The textbook listed below by Robert Schulzinger will provide bibliographical information as well as a general survey of the problems that have interested historians. You should use that book as a guide in selecting a topic, and after you have chosen a topic, you should NARROW it and have your teaching assistant or me approve it. Your paper MUST also make use of the relevant parts of the document collection, Foreign Relations of the United States as well as memoirs or any other document collections easily available. The purpose of getting you to use primary sources is to confront you with the stuff of which the writing of diplomatic history is made, but we understand the limitations that a paper of 2500-3500 words places on undergraduates. You must submit with the paper a packet consisting of your research notes and drafts. The Foreign Relations volumes are located in Van Pelt at JX/233/A3. We suggest that before you devise a paper topic, you also look at this collection of sources. The State Department has a web site from which you can access some of the volumes: http:\\www.state.gov\www\about_state\history\index.html; also

http:\\www.library.upenn.edu\vanpelt\guides\usforrel.html


A take-home final will be due during exam period, the end of April, and will examine you on the reading and lectures; it will test if I've successfully conveyed to you what a critical examination of a problem in diplomatic history is.
Familiarize yourself with the academic code of integrity at Penn. Students who cheat will be suspended. This will be very unpleasant for you.
You MUST attend section meetings regularly if you wish to pass the course.


Reading Assignments


All the books required for the course are on sale at the Pennsylvania Book Center, on 34th ST., above Walnut. Everything is also on reserve at Rosengarten Library.
WEEK 1 (Monday, January 8)

INTRODUCTORY: Themes and Periods of Concentration


WEEK 2. (Week of Monday, January 15)

The New Empire, 1865-1912; Woodrow Wilson; Mexico


Reading: Arthur Link, Woodrow Wilson: Revolution, War, and Peace; Robert Schulzinger, American Diplomacy Since 1900, Chap 1-3. (Sorry, it will usually not be this heavy!)
WEEK 3. (Week of Monday, January 22)

Wilson: Neutrality, 1914-17


Reading: Alexander and Juliette George, Woodrow Wilson and Colonel House, preface, introduction, pp. 1-33, 75-91, 195-315; Schulzinger,Chap 4-5
WEEK 4. (Week of Monday, January 29)

Wilson: War and Peace, 1917-19


Reading: Gordon Levin, Woodrow Wilson and World Politics, introduction, chapters I, II, III, and Epilogue; Schulzinger,Chap 6
WEEK 5. (Week of Monday, February 5)

Roosevelt: Diplomacy, 1933-41


Reading: William Shirer, Berlin Diary, Foreward, 3-25, 48-59, 82-87,95-111, 124-148,181-193, 330-369,379-381,403-405, 414-425, 490-495,576-595. Schulzinger, Chap 7-8
WEEK 6. (Week of Monday,February 12)

Roosevelt: War, 1941-45


Reading: Patrick Hearden, Roosevelt Confronts Hitler, ix-x, 3-21,155-245; Schulzinger, Chap 9
WEEK 7. (Week of Monday, February 19)

Roosevelt and Truman: Making the Peace

Reading: Samuel Walker, Prompt and Utter Destruction
WEEK 8. (Week of Monday, February 26)

Truman: Origins of the Cold War


Reading: Irwin Shaw, The Young Lions, pp. 1-20, 39-86, 104-71, 188-208, 213-219, 245-354, 389-436, 443-488, 527-559, 588-662 (for in-class exam on Wednesday, February 28th)
WEEK 9. (Week of Monday, March 12)

Truman: Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, Nato



Reading: George Kennan, American Diplomacy, 3-154; Schulzinger, Chap 10

WEEK 10. (Week of Monday, March 19)

Truman: The Cold War in Asia


Reading: Melvyn Leffler, The Spector of Communism
WEEK 11. (Week of Monday, March 26)

Kennedy: Europe and Vietnam


Reading: Graham Greene, The Quiet American; Schulzinger, Chap 11

RESEARCH PAPER DUE ON Wednesday, March 28

WEEK 12. (Week of Monday, April 2)

Johnson: Vietnam
Reading: Robert McNamara, In Retrospect, pp. 3-21, 196-206, 233-336, 353-356 (and whatever else you want in the response section); Schulzinger, Chap 12
WEEK 13. (Week of Monday, April 9)

Johnson and Nixon: Vietnam


Reading: Olson and Roberts, eds. My Lai, pp. 1-33, 75-122, 146-173; Schulzinger, Chap 13
WEEK 14. (Week of Monday, April 16)

Nixon: Vietnam and Cambodia


Wednesday, April 18, Take Home Final Distributed.

Directory: coursepages

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