A massive Deng Xiaoping—era program for technical training of peasants in industrial techniques
The strategic retreat during the 1930s led by Mao Zedong from southern China to base areas to the north and west
A 1960s—era campaign where mass mobilizations of youth were employed to target and repress "capitalist roaders" in positions of authority and continue the violent revolutionary struggle for a communist society
Student demonstrations for political reform in 1989 brutally suppressed by Chinese authorities
Present-day migration of rural workers into industrializing zones along the coast to labor in factories producing consumer goods for export
Which of the following best characterizes developments in China since 1979?
I. Massive internal migration
II. Export-driven economic growth
IlI. Multiparty elections
I and II
II and III
I and III
Neocolonialism is best defined as
Western efforts to expand colonial holdings after the Second World War
The ongoing situation of economic dependency that afflicts "Third World" even after decolonization
The post–World War II population boom in "Third World"
A description of the Soviet relationship with satellite states of Eastern Europe during the Cold War
All colonization that occurred after Latin American nations won independence from Spain
Which is an impact of population growth in the developing world?
Declining importance of the International Monetary Fund in the global economy
Which of the following does NOT belong in a list of major impacts of the First World War?
Bolshevik Revolution in Russia
Rise of the United States and Japan
Birth of the League of Nations
Rise of nationalist sentiment in colonized regions of the globe
Independence for India
Where did white rule persist longest on the African continent?
Which of the following is NOT one of the major factors historians point to as a contributing cause of World War I?
Which of the following best characterizes the transfer of power associated with the decolonization process?
Elite to masses
Women to men
Religious to secular
Elite to elite
Men to women
Which best summarizes political trends in the West during the First World War?
Government regulation was eased as laissez-fair policy was seen as crucial to boosting wartime economic production.
Parliamentary democracy was suspended and emergency executive rule was implemented in order to facilitate rapid decision making.
Government authority increased through takeover of key industries for war production, restrictions on civil liberties, and issuance of pro-war propaganda.
Labor movements rose to power in socialist revolutions.
Political trends continued basically unchanged by wartime pressures.
Which of the following answer choices best explains why women won the right to vote in many Western societies after World War I?
Female combat veterans returned home demanding political equality.
Female nurses who cared for injured troops in the trenches won broad-based sympathy.
Crucial contributions in wartime factory production lent legitimacy to ongoing calls for political and social equality.
Feminist movements got their start during the First World War.
Immediate granting of the right to vote to women in Soviet Russia was an embarrassment on the world stage for male-dominated liberal democracies where the movement for women's suffrage was decades old.
Which member of the victorious Allies emerged most dissatisfied from the Versailles settlement?
Which result of World War I did the most to spark nationalist movements in the colonized portions of the globe?
Destruction of European industrial capacity in the war forced colonies toward economic independence.
British and French promises for self-rule made to colonized elites during the war were broken soon thereafter.
The Versailles settlement forced colonial powers to agree to timetables for colonial independence.
Bolshevik-inspired revolutions broke out in the cities of the major imperialist powers.
Wartime industrial production greatly increased numbers of Western women working in factories.
Which colonized African region had a well-established indigenous anticolonial movement in place even before World War I?
Which of the following was an element of the fighting in World War II that remained unchanged from World War I?
More rapid movement of troops in land battles through deployment of mechanized divisions
Wide-ranging naval action across the Pacific Ocean
Deliberate targeting of civilian populations
Aerial dogfights between fighter planes
Key role of amphibious operations
Which of the following legacies of British colonial rule proved most disruptive in the immediate aftermath of Indian independence?
Education of diverse Indian elites in a common English language
Hindu-Muslim rivalry fostered by colonial divide and rule practices
Establishment of parliamentary democratic norms in government
Military training provided to Indian sepoys
Toleration of caste distinctions
How did the independence movement in colonial settler societies such as Algeria or Kenya differ from that in nonsettler societies?
In nonsettler societies the independence struggle was more likely to turn violent.
In settler societies constructive negotiations tended to yield power-sharing government coalitions between settlers and representatives of the indigenous populations.
Nonsettler societies experienced a smooth transition to independence with steady economic growth and rising per capita incomes based on healthy industrial sectors put in place by colonial administrators.
In settler societies the independence struggle was more likely to turn violent.
Settler societies experienced a smooth transition to independence with steady economic growth and rising per capita incomes based on healthy industrial sectors put in place by European settlers
Which event precipitated the formal creation of the state of Israel in 1947?