Whap exam review test #6: Post-Modern Period

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WHAP EXAM REVIEW TEST #6: Post-Modern Period

  1. Which of the following best characterizes developments in the societies of Western Europe in the decades after World War II?

  1. Expanding welfare state provisions

  2. Steady economic growth

III. Broad enthusiasm for expansion of colonial holdings

  1. I only

  2. I and II

  3. I and III

  4. Only II

  5. and III

  1. Which political system, discredited by its inability to effectively prevent economic collapse or a turn to political extremism, emerged triumphant in the post—World War II West?

  1. Socialism

  1. Liberal democracy

  2. Fascism

  3. Monarchy

  4. Authoritarian populism

  1. Which nation emerged as the preeminent force in the West after World War?

  1. England

  2. France

  3. United States

  1. West Germany

  2. Japan

  1. Nikita Khrushchev is best known for

  1. Repudiation of repressive measures taken during the Stalin era

  2. Abandonment of Five-Year Plans and collective farms

  3. Glasnost

  4. Starving Soviet scientists of resources necessary to match Western achievements

  5. Perestroika

  1. Which socialist Eastern European nation was not a Soviet satellite state?

  1. Romania

  2. Hungary

  3. East Germany

  4. Yugoslavia

  5. Bulgaria

  1. Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the Soviet economy after World War II?

  1. Source of massive environmental damage

  2. Generally unresponsive to demand for consumer goods

  3. Incapable of significant arms production

  4. Centrally planned

  5. Inefficient, particularly in agriculture

  1. Which U.S. general is most closely associated with a program of economic assistance to Western European nations struggling to rebuild after World War II?

  1. Adlai Stevenson

  2. Dwight Eisenhower

  3. George Patton

  4. Douglas MacArthur

  5. George Marshall

  1. The United States imposed all of the following elements on Japanese state and society after World War II EXCEPT

  1. Separation of legislative and executive powers

  1. Strict secular government, banning Shintoism as state religion

  1. Land reform

  2. Women's suffrage

  3. Banning labor unions

  1. On what continent did the United States fight its two largest conflicts of the Cold War era?

  1. Europe

  1. Asia

  2. Africa

  3. Australia

  4. South America

  1. Which was true of both the Korean War and the Vietnam War?

  1. During the war the United States fought a communist North from base areas in a U.S.-friendly South.

  2. U.S. opponents received direct aid from the USSR and/or China.

  3. U.S. forces operated under a UN mandate.

  1. I and II

  2. II and III

  3. I and III

  4. II only

  1. I only

  1. Mao's campaign to infuse industrial development into the national economy at the commune level was called

  1. New Democracy

  1. Protracted Warfare

  2. "Hundred Flowers" Period

  3. The Long March

  4. The Great Leap Forward

  1. The "Great Revolution for a Proletarian Culture" in China is best described as

  1. A massive Deng Xiaoping—era program for technical training of peasants in industrial techniques

  2. The strategic retreat during the 1930s led by Mao Zedong from southern China to base areas to the north and west

  3. A 1960s—era campaign where mass mobilizations of youth were employed to target and repress "capitalist roaders" in positions of authority and continue the violent revolutionary struggle for a communist society

  4. Student demonstrations for political reform in 1989 brutally suppressed by Chinese authorities

  5. Present-day migration of rural workers into industrializing zones along the coast to labor in factories producing consumer goods for export

  1. Which of the following best characterizes developments in China since 1979?

I. Massive internal migration

II. Export-driven economic growth

IlI. Multiparty elections

  1. I and II

  2. II and III

  3. I and III

  4. II only

  5. III only

  1. Neocolonialism is best defined as

  1. Western efforts to expand colonial holdings after the Second World War

  2. The ongoing situation of economic dependency that afflicts "Third World" even after decolonization

  3. The post–World War II population boom in "Third World"

  4. A description of the Soviet relationship with satellite states of Eastern Europe during the Cold War

  5. All colonization that occurred after Latin American nations won independence from Spain

  1. Which is an impact of population growth in the developing world?

  1. Declining importance of the International Monetary Fund in the global economy

  2. Falling numbers of refugees

  3. Rapid and haphazard urbanization

  4. Rising status for females

  5. Reduced pollution levels

  1. Which goal did nationalist leaders find most difficult to achieve upon gaining independence?

  1. Economic development and jobs for all

  1. Maintenance of territorial integrity of the new nations

  2. Participation in world trade

  3. Membership in the United Nations

  4. Establishment of secular government

  1. Which was the most typical response of nationalist leaders in developing countries to popular unrest connected to persistent poverty and/or ethnic strife?

  1. Requests for the return of Western colonial management

  2. A turn to military dictatorship

  3. Free and fair elections of new leaders capable of resolving major grievances

  1. Establishment of new international borders to appease minority ethnicities

  2. The launching of armed struggle against established elites and the setting up of socialist regimes

  1. Who was the leader of the first sub-Saharan nation to gain independence?

  1. Jomo Kenyatta

  2. Nelson Mandela

  3. Gamal Abdel Nasser

  4. Mobutu Sese Seko

  5. Kwame Nkrumah

  1. Which of the following is NOT a trend or event associated with developments in post–WWII Egypt?

  1. Expulsion of the British from the Suez Canal Zone

  2. Construction of the Aswan dam

  3. Growth of Islamic fundamentalism

  4. Establishment of state-subsidized public education

  5. Successful import-substitution industrialization

  1. Which of the following statements about the Iranian Revolution of 1979 is most accurate?

(A) marked the end of British colonialism in Iran.

(B) overthrew a monarchy and installed a liberal democracy.

(C) was guided by a non-Western ideology.

  1. was welcomed by neighboring nations.

  2. Its leaders withdrew Iran from the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

  1. Why was South Africa's independence struggle atypical when compared with most other African nations?

  1. Few other African nations gained independence in the 1960s.

  2. South Africa embarked on a program of rapid state-directed industrialization soon after achieving independence.

  3. Independence was negotiated by a South African government that consisted of white settlers only.

  4. South Africa nationalized gold and diamond mines and directed profits from their operation into development projects to lift the standard of living of the black majority there.

  1. South Africa's independence movement was led by women.

  1. Nelson Mandela and Steven Biko are associated with the struggle against what?

  1. Soviet socialism

  2. South African apartheid

  3. U.S. imperialism

  4. French colonialism

  5. German fascism

  1. Which West African nation boasts the continent's largest population and substantial oil reserves?

  1. Senegal

  2. Ghana

  3. Ethiopia

  4. Congo

  5. Nigeria

  1. Which was the first twentieth-century revolutionary movement to successfully topple an existing regime?

  1. Iranian

  2. Chinese

  3. Mexican

  4. Russian

  5. French

  1. Which element of the Mexican revolutionary movement of 1910 represented the greatest continuity from nineteenth-century popular movements there?

  1. Vocal demands of the Catholic church for increased power

  2. Dependence on French military assistance in order to achieve regime change

  3. Prominent role played by mestizo and Indian elements demanding land reform

  4. International acclaim for artistic representatives of the movement such as Diego Rivera

  5. Willing invitation of United States intervention to stabilize the internal situation in Mexico

  1. Why did the Bolshevik regime turn to a New Economic Policy in the early 1920s?

  1. A centrally planned economy was seen as the next logical step after the "War Communism" system employed during the civil war.

  2. Lenin and leading Bolshevik elements gave up socialism as a long-range goal.

  3. Lenin and leading Bolshevik elements sought to bring back free enterprise and the profit motive in order to jump-start an economy severely dislocated by World War I and the Russian Civil War.

  1. Stalin had already replaced Lenin as leader of the Bolsheviks and sought a more rapid push toward communism.

  2. Industrial development was seen as inherently exploitative of workers and was renounced in the NEP.

  1. How were minority ethnic groups of the old Russian Empire treated by the new Bolshevik regime?

  1. Most individuals belonging to minorities experienced forced deportation to Siberia.

  2. Minority groups were granted semiautonomous republics bound to pursuing a socialist course.

  3. Minority ethnicities were forcibly intermarried with ethnic Russians to breed them out of existence.

  4. All minority groups were granted "Soviet Socialist Republic" territory except for Jews.

  5. Ethnic minorities were barred from membership in the Bolshevik Party.

  1. Which political figure eventually emerged to lead the Bolshevik Party after the death of Lenin?

  1. Trotsky

  2. Khrushchev

  3. Gorbachev

  4. Stalin

  5. Bukharin

  1. Which factor in the Russian and Chinese revolutions was not present in the French Revolution?

(A) Rural unrest

(B) Urban discontent

  1. Military intervention by neighboring or outside powers

  2. The ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

  3. Armed struggle

  1. Where in the world did the Japanese most vigorously seek to achieve territorial expansion in the years following 1914?

  1. Korea

  2. Mongolia

  3. Indonesia

  4. Pacific Islands

  5. China

  1. Which development prompted Chinese nationalists and communists to suspend civil war and form a shaky common cause?

  1. Death of Sun Yat-sen

  1. Japanese invasion of China

  1. Massive American investment to build up industrial sectors in Chinese urban centers

  2. Communist long march to sanctuary in nationalist base areas in northwest China

  3. Historic summit meeting between Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong

  1. Which of the following statements about Western economies in the 1920s are generally accepted by historians as factors causing the Great Depression?

  1. Overproduction in industry and especially agriculture

  2. Unsustainable borrowing, lending, and stock market speculation

  3. Strong government regulation of industry

  1. I and II

  2. II and III

  3. I and III

  4. II only

  5. III only

  1. Which global trend had a significant impact in Latin America in the 1930s and 1940s?

I. Slumping demand for raw materials on world markets

II. Growing influence of fascism

III. Independence struggles in colonized regions

  1. I only

  2. I and II

  3. I and III

  4. II and III

  5. III only

  1. Which policy course did Japanese and German governments take to reverse the economic difficulties of the 1930s?

  1. Stimulation of industry through war preparation

  2. Provision of social insurance through liberal democratic parliamentary means

  3. Worker control of industry

  4. Shift in orientation from industrial to agricultural production

  5. Laissez-faire approach toward economic policy

  1. Which element of German fascism was NOT also found in 1930s Japan?

  1. Suspension of parliamentary authority

  2. Ideology of racial supremacy

  3. State-sanctioned mob violence against ethnic minorities

  4. Annexation of nearby territory

  5. Repression of unions

  1. Which term do historians employ to describe both Hitler's Germany and Stalin's USSR?

  1. Fascist

  2. Communist

  3. Totalitarian

  4. Democratic

  5. Republican

  1. Which Soviet leader was a leading force in imposing economic, diplomatic, and political reforms after 1985 that contributed directly to the demise of Soviet socialism?

  1. Nikolay Bukharin

  2. Leonid Brezhnev

  3. Mikhail Gorbachev

  4. Nikita Khrushchev

  5. Lavrenty Beria

  1. Which best characterizes weaknesses of the Soviet economy after World War II?

  1. Inflexible central planning

  2. Low worker morale and productivity

  3. Raw-material shortages

  1. I and II

  2. II and III

  3. I and III

  4. I only

  5. II only

  1. Which Latin American nation stood apart from a general trend away from authoritarian or military rule that had taken hold across the region by the 1990s?

  1. Argentina

  2. Chile

  3. The Dominican Republic

  4. Panama

  5. Cuba

  1. Tie growing integration of all the peoples of the planet into a single economic and political model and accelerating sharing of cultural symbols is termed

  1. Egalitarianism

  2. Simulacra

  3. Postmodernism

  4. Globalization

  5. Universalism

  1. U.S. forces have seen military action most frequently to which region in the post—Cold War era?

  1. Pacific Rim

  2. Latin America

  3. Middle East and Central Asia

  4. Western Europe

  5. Caribbean Sea

  1. The United States pursued its interests in Latin America after World War II in all of the following forms EXCEPT

  1. Direct annexation

  2. Covert action to overthrow regimes perceived to be Soviet friendly

  3. Diplomatic pressure in international organizations

  4. Peace Corps presence

  5. The IMF and World Bank

  1. NAFTA has more closely integrated the economies of Canada, the United States, and

  1. Russia

  2. China

  3. Mexico

  4. Venezuela

  5. Brazil

  1. Which of the following periods have been grouped together by world historians into a time called an "Age of Catastrophe" lasting from 1914 to 1945?

(A) World War I, Great Depression, Cold War

  1. Napoleonic Wars, World War I, World War II

  2. World War I, Great Depression, World War II

  3. World War II, Cold War, post—Cold War era

  4. Great Depression, World War II, Cold War

  1. Which of the following does NOT belong in a list of major impacts of the First World War?

  1. Bolshevik Revolution in Russia

  2. Rise of the United States and Japan

  3. Birth of the League of Nations

  4. Rise of nationalist sentiment in colonized regions of the globe

  5. Independence for India

  1. Where did white rule persist longest on the African continent?

  1. Rhodesia

  2. South Africa

  3. Angola

  4. Nigeria

  5. Ethiopia

  1. Which of the following is NOT one of the major factors historians point to as a contributing cause of World War I?

  1. Militarism

  2. Alliance systems

  1. Imperialism

  1. Nationalism

  1. Communism

  1. Which of the following best characterizes the transfer of power associated with the decolonization process?

  1. Elite to masses

  2. Women to men

  3. Religious to secular

  4. Elite to elite

  5. Men to women

  1. Which best summarizes political trends in the West during the First World War?

  1. Government regulation was eased as laissez-fair policy was seen as crucial to boosting wartime economic production.

  2. Parliamentary democracy was suspended and emergency executive rule was implemented in order to facilitate rapid decision making.

  3. Government authority increased through takeover of key industries for war production, restrictions on civil liberties, and issuance of pro-war propaganda.

  4. Labor movements rose to power in socialist revolutions.

  5. Political trends continued basically unchanged by wartime pressures.

  1. Which of the following answer choices best explains why women won the right to vote in many Western societies after World War I?

  1. Female combat veterans returned home demanding political equality.

  1. Female nurses who cared for injured troops in the trenches won broad-based sympathy.

  1. Crucial contributions in wartime factory production lent legitimacy to ongoing calls for political and social equality.

  2. Feminist movements got their start during the First World War.

  1. Immediate granting of the right to vote to women in Soviet Russia was an embarrassment on the world stage for male-dominated liberal democracies where the movement for women's suffrage was decades old.

  1. Which member of the victorious Allies emerged most dissatisfied from the Versailles settlement?

  1. Germany

  2. France

  3. United States

  4. Japan

  5. Great Britain

  1. Which result of World War I did the most to spark nationalist movements in the colonized portions of the globe?

  1. Destruction of European industrial capacity in the war forced colonies toward economic independence.

  2. British and French promises for self-rule made to colonized elites during the war were broken soon thereafter.

  3. The Versailles settlement forced colonial powers to agree to timetables for colonial independence.

  4. Bolshevik-inspired revolutions broke out in the cities of the major imperialist powers.

  5. Wartime industrial production greatly increased numbers of Western women working in factories.

  1. Which colonized African region had a well-established indigenous anticolonial movement in place even before World War I?

  1. Ghana

  2. South Africa

  3. Algeria

  4. Egypt

  5. Congo

  1. Which of the following was an element of the fighting in World War II that remained unchanged from World War I?

  1. More rapid movement of troops in land battles through deployment of mechanized divisions

  1. Wide-ranging naval action across the Pacific Ocean

  2. Deliberate targeting of civilian populations

  3. Aerial dogfights between fighter planes

  4. Key role of amphibious operations

  1. Which of the following legacies of British colonial rule proved most disruptive in the immediate aftermath of Indian independence?

  1. Education of diverse Indian elites in a common English language

  2. Hindu-Muslim rivalry fostered by colonial divide and rule practices

  1. Establishment of parliamentary democratic norms in government

  2. Military training provided to Indian sepoys

  3. Toleration of caste distinctions

  1. How did the independence movement in colonial settler societies such as Algeria or Kenya differ from that in nonsettler societies?

  1. In nonsettler societies the independence struggle was more likely to turn violent.

  2. In settler societies constructive negotiations tended to yield power-sharing government coalitions between settlers and representatives of the indigenous populations.

  3. Nonsettler societies experienced a smooth transition to independence with steady economic growth and rising per capita incomes based on healthy industrial sectors put in place by colonial administrators.

  4. In settler societies the independence struggle was more likely to turn violent.

  5. Settler societies experienced a smooth transition to independence with steady economic growth and rising per capita incomes based on healthy industrial sectors put in place by European settlers

  1. Which event precipitated the formal creation of the state of Israel in 1947?

  1. Multilateral U.S.-Soviet-Palestinian-Jewish negotiations

  2. The Balfour declaration

  3. UN-sanctioned partition of Palestine

  4. Negotiated agreement between Zionist leaders and a unified Palestinian leadership

  5. Arab League approval

  1. B

  2. B

  3. C

  4. A

  5. D

  6. C

  7. E

  8. C

  9. B

  10. A

  11. E

  12. C

  13. A

  14. B

  15. D

  16. A

  17. B

  18. E

  19. E

  20. C

  21. C

  22. B

  23. E

  24. C

  25. C

  26. D

  27. B

  28. D

  29. D

  30. E

  31. B

  32. A

  33. B

  34. E

  35. C

  36. A

  37. C

  38. A

  39. E

  40. D

  41. C

  42. A

  43. C

  44. C

  45. E

  46. B

  47. E

  48. D

  49. C

  50. C

  51. D

  52. B

  53. D

  54. D

  55. B

  56. D

  57. C

Directory: cms -> lib -> PA09000087 -> Centricity -> Domain -> 162
162 -> Handouts: Ch 5—The Classical Period in a Nutshell (600 B. C. E to 600 C. E) Name Date Period
162 -> Chapter 19 & 20 questions for re view evaluate the following statement: Spanish and Portuguese colonies were extensions of the global network of the West
162 -> The Expansion of Civilization What does is mean to be ‘classic’? A look back…
162 -> Whap handout: ch 4—The Persians & the Greeks Dr. Daughton
162 -> Rise of Agriculture & Origins of Civilization highlights
162 -> Latin america in the late 20th century chapter 32 pg. 762-781
162 -> Making an Arab Empire
162 -> Politics in Classical Civilizations: Part I—Written Documents
162 -> Whap: ch 28/wwi supplemental Reading The Collapse & Recovery of Europe (1914-1970s)
162 -> Whap ch 13 supplemental reading: Coping with China: Comparing Korea, Vietnam, and Japan

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