Windows on the Past Alaedinn lived in

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Windows on the Past
1. Alaedinn lived in

a. India.

b. Arabia.

c. Persia.

d. China.
2. According to legend, who created the tales of the One Thousand and One Nights?

a. Homai

b. Ali Baba

c. Scheherazade

d. Sharya
3. In the story, Alaedinn was

a. hard-working.

b. studious.

c. brave.

d. lazy.
4. The stranger who appears claims to be Alaedinn's long-lost

a. father.

b. uncle.

c. nephew.

d. grandfather.
5. The stranger recommends that Alaedinn

a. open a shoe store.

b. open a stall selling cheap goods.

c. open a stall selling costly goods.

d. become a magician.
6. In fact, the stranger wants Alaedinn to

a. become a tailor.

b. become a magician.

c. retrieve a lamp from a cave.

d. retrieve a treasure from a cave.
Time Line
1. Which event is not in the correct chronological order?

a. The Roman Empire falls.

b. Abu Bakir becomes the first caliph.

c. Spain has its own caliph.

d. The Umayyad Dynasty begins rule in Damascus.
2. Which event is not in the correct chronological order?

a. The year of the Hijrah.

b. Tarik invades Spain.

c. The Seljuks take power in Baghdad.

d. The Abbasid Dynasty of Baghdad controls the caliphate.
3. Which of the following events took place first?

a. the beginning of the First Crusade

b. Tarik invades Spain

c. the birth of the prophet Muhammad

d. the year of the Hijrah

4. Which of the following events took place first?

a. The Umayyad Dynasty begins its rule in Damascus.

b. Tarik invades Spain.

c. The Seljuks take power in Baghdad.

d. Harun al-Rashid dies.

5. Which of the following events took place last?

a. Arab Spain has its own Caliph.

b. Tarik invades Spain..

c. Battle of Manzikert is fought.

d. Harun al-Rashid dies.
6. Which of the following events took place last?

a. The Western Roman Empire falls.

b. The prophet Muhammad is born.

c. Tarik invades Spain

d. The Seljuks take power in Baghdad
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The Arab world was first united under

a. the Romans.

b. the Byzantines.

c. Islam.

d. Christianity.
2. The geography of the Middle East is dominated by

a. desert.

b. lush forests.

c. major rivers.

d. steppe.
3. The most important factor in Middle Eastern agriculture is to have

a. sufficient water for irrigating plants.

b. sufficient nutrients.

c. enough grazing land.

d. enough wood for building barns.
4. Travellers and merchants moved across the Middle East in

a. ox carts.

b. convoys.

c. caravans.

d. clans.
5. The basic level of Arab social organization was the

a. family.

b. clan.

c. tribe.

d. village.
6. Before Islam, most Arabs were

a. Jews.

b. Christians.

c. pagans.

d. non-religious.
7. The founder of Islam was

a. Ali.

b. Muhammad.

c. Abraham.

d. Jesus.

8. Before he received his revelation from God, Muhammad had been a

a. civic administrator.

b. teacher.

c. merchant.

d. soldier.

9. The Holy Book of Islam is the

a. Bible.

b. Torah.

c. Qur'an.

d. Five Teachings of Muhammad.
10. Islam is based on the

a. Four Truths.

b. Five Pillars.

c. Gospels.

d. Meccan Revelation.
11. During the holy month of Ramadan, devout Muslims must

a. celebrate all day.

b. fast continuously.

c. fast before noon.

d. fast during daylight hours.
12. Before prayer, Muslims

a. eat a ritual meal.

b. travel to a mosque.

c. purify themselves with oil.

d. purify themselves by washing.
13. Muslims consider charity to be

a. a nuisance.

b. good for a person's soul.

c. unnecessary.

d. something they must do to avoid being damned.
14. At prayer, Muslims must

a. stand silently.

b. face the city of Mecca.

c. read aloud from holy texts.

d. worship Muhammad.
15. All Muslims are expected to make a pilgrimage to

a. Jerusalem.

b. Medina.

c. Mecca.

d. Istanbul.
16. After the death of Muhammad, the ruler of the Arabs was called a

a. sultan.

b. vizier.

c. king.

d. caliph.
17. Which of the following functions was not part of the caliph's duties?

a. military commander

b. chief lawmaker

c. head of the Islamic faith

d. interpreter of the Qur'an

18. After the death of Ali in 661, Islam

a. remained unified.

b. split into two main factions.

c. disintegrated.

d. ceased to expand.

19. Under the Umayyad Dynasty,

a. a lengthy civil war was fought.

b. Islam ceased to be the main Arab religion.

c. Islam expanded as far west as Spain.

d. Arab armies suffered defeat at the hands of the Byzantines.
20. After the first four caliphs, the caliphate ceased to be

a. important.

b. a religious position.

c. a secular position.

d. a military position.
21. Under the Abbasids, the Islamic capital was moved to

a. Jerusalem.

b. Cairo.

c. Baghdad.

d. Damascus.
22. Which form of artistic expression is usually forbidden under Islam? Depiction of

a. words from the Qur'an.

b. Muhammad and other religious leaders.

c. the human form.

d. intricate patterns.
23. The centre of most Islamic cities was dominated by

a. military barracks.

b. a marketplace.

c. the homes of the rich.

d. a city hall.
24. Which group was most admired by Arabs under the Abassids?

a. artists.

b. merchants.

c. scholars.

d. farmers.
25. Arab cities were

a. overcrowded and dirty.

b. worldly and sophisticated.

c. under siege from rebellious nobles.

d. dominated by merchants.
26. Arab cities were organized in such a way that

a. people and industry were intermingled.

b. rich people lived amongst poorer people.

c. each specific activity or income level was assigned to different parts of the city.

d. walls for protection were not needed.
27. Under the Abbasids, women were expected to

a. be slaves.

b. have equal rights with men.

c. have few rights.

d. be religious leaders.

28. Under the Abbasids,

a. women could have many husbands.

b. men could have many wives.

c. women could have one husband.

d. both b. and c.

29. The Abbasid caliph was

a. obeyed by all Muslims.

b. not recognized by many Muslims.

c. forced to accept the wishes of his advisors.

d. forbidden to leave his palace.
30. Government under the Abbasids was

a. orderly yet complex.

b. close to anarchy.

c. orderly and simple.

d. controlled by military leaders.
31. In traditional Islamic society, obtaining a divorce was

a. easy for the man.

b. easy for the woman.

c. almost impossible, as it went against Islamic law.

d. easy for both marriage partners.
32. Which group's support did the The Abbasid caliph need in order to govern?

a. soldiers

b. slaves

c. the ulama

d. merchants
33. At the Battle of Manzikert, the Seljuk Turks

a. were defeated by the Arabs.

b. were defeated by the Byzantines.

c. defeated a Byzantine army.

d. destroyed the Byzantine army.
34. The money to support the Abbasid Caliphate did not come from

a. trade.

b. the sale of religious art.

c. taxes paid by Christians and Jews.

d. taxes paid by Muslims.
35. Which of the following could be found in Islamic cities?

a. public baths

b. central marketplaces

c. universities

d. all of these
36. Under the Abbasids, country life

a. became cosmopolitan.

b. was relatively unchanged.

c. suffered from high taxes.

d. was greatly improved.
37. While women had few rights under the Abbasids, this was

a. supported by Islamic teachings.

b. a cause of great unrest.

c. not supported by Islamic teachings.

d. opposed by scholars.

38. The best definition of a harem is

a. a special section of a mosque reserved for religious study.

b. a special section in a Muslim home reserved for cooking.

c. a special place in a Muslim home where men were not allowed.

d. a special place in a Muslim home where women were not allowed.

39. The group that conquered much of the Middle East in the 11th century was the

a. Abbasid Caliphate.

b. Byzantine Empire.

c. Umayyad Caliphate.

d. Seljuks.
40. The term polygamy refers to the practice of one having

a. more than one wife.

b. more than one husband.

c. only one marriage partner in your lifetime.

d. only one marriage partner at any one time.
Short Answer Questions
1. Give three reasons why water is so important to agriculture in the Middle East.
2. In Islam, what are the Five Pillars of Faith? How is each important?
3. Discuss the nature of the conflict between Sunni and Shi'a Muslims.
4. Compare and contrast country life and city life in the Arab World, drawing on at least three examples for each.
5. Place the following government officials in order of importance and briefly describe the role of each: governor, council member, caliph, prime minister.
Skills Questions

Use the copy of Figure 4-14 provided to answer the following questions.

1. What is it?
2. What happens here?
3. What is the basis of the carved decorations?
4. What kind of art will not be found here?
5. You can see only part of the centre hall here. In one word, what would the rest of it look like?

Use the copy of Figure 4-19 provided to answer the following questions.

6. What are the mechanical devices shown in this photograph?
7. What are they used for?
8. List at least two pieces of evidence in the photograph that show the sophistication of Arab technology.

Use the excerpt provided to answer the following questions.

9. Provide three ways in which women may be superior to men.

10. What did God create out of a woman, but not out of a man?

11. According to the author, what proves that men hold women in high esteem?
12. Do you agree with this viewpoint? Outline two reasons why you agree or disagree.

(c) 1999 Prentice-Hall Canada, Inc. All rights reserved.

Windows on the Past
1. d

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 1

2. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 2

3. d

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 3

4. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 4

5. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 5

6. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 6

Time Line
1. c(d)

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 1

2. c(d)

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 2

3. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 3

4. a

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 4

5. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 5

6. d

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 6

Multiple Choice Questions
1. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 1

2. a

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 2

3. a

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 3

4. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 4

5. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 5

6. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 6

7. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 7

8. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 8

9. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 9

10. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 10

11. d

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 11

12. d

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 12

13. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 13

14. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 14

15. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 15

16. d

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 16

17. d

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 17

18. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 18

19. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 19

20. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 20

21. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 21

22. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 22

23. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 23

24. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 24

25. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 25

26. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 26

27. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 27

28. d

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 28

29. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 29

30. a

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 30

31. a

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 31

32. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 32

33. d

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 33

34. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 34

35. d

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 35

36. b

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 36

37. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 37

38. c

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 38

39. d

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 39

40. a

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 40

Short Answer Questions
1. Water made it possible for animals to drink and for herds to be maintained. It also allowed crops to be grown without the worry of drought. Water also allowed farmers to grow crops that were especially useful in trade.

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 1

2. The first pillar is an open declaration of faith, which proves sincerity of belief. The second pillar is the requirement to pray at least five time a day, to focus on faith in Allah (God). The third pillar demands acts of charity, which are good for the soul. The fourth pillar is fasting, to demonstrate faith. The fifth pillar is a pilgrimage to Mecca, which is a demonstration of faith and a way to build a sense of community with other Muslims.

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 2

3. Shi'a Muslims believed that the caliphate should remain within the family line of the Prophet (Muhammad). The Sunnis, on the other hand, believed that the office could be held by others, such as the Umayyad family.

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 3

4. Cities were centres of sophistication and learning. Their economies were based on trade, and they were dynamic and progressive. The arts and architecture were supported and flourished in cities. Country life was more traditional, regular, and slow-moving. With its economy based on agriculture, life in the country was more insular and less exposed to new ideas and influences.

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 4

5. The caliph was the religious leader, military leader, and chief lawmaker. The prime minister (wazir) was in charge of all government officials. The governor was an official in charge of a specific district within the Muslim empire. A council member was responsible for the government within a town or city.

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 5

Skills Questions
1. the interior of a mosque

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 1

2. Muslim worship and prayer

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 2

3. Arabic script and intricate designs

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 3

4. depictions of the human form

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 4

5. possible descriptors: spacious, empty, open, pure

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 5

6. water wheels

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 6

7. lifting water into irrigation channels

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 7

8. The water wheels are mechanically sophisticated, as is the wheel housing. Engineering skill is evident in the construction of the channels and the dam.

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 8

9. Women can bear children, are man's most prized possession, inspire self-sacrifice in men, and are greatly desired by men.

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 9

10. the Messiah

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 10

11. A man would give up anything before giving up his wife.

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 11

12. Disagree: The passage suggests that women are seen by men only as possessions, with fewer rights and less authority than men. Agree: Women are seen as the whole, perhaps sole, reason for men's work and existence, and as essential to the continuation of humankind.

Chapter:4 QUESTION: 12

(c) 1999 Prentice-Hall Canada, Inc. All rights reserved.

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