World History Outline Enlightenment and Revolution



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World History Outline

Enlightenment and Revolution


  1. Scientific Revolution

    1. Deciding what was false before the 1500s

    2. Geocentric Theory

      1. Aristotle

      2. Christians’ belief?

    3. People start to question the church and ancient thinkers

    4. Scientific Revolution

      1. What was it based on?

    5. Exploration

      1. Astronomy

    6. Copernicus

      1. Heliocentric Theory

      2. Why did he wait to publish his work?

    7. Galileo

      1. Telescope

      2. Why did the church fear his findings?

      3. What does the church ask him to do?

      4. Does he do it?

      5. Galileo is called to Rome

        1. His confession

        2. The rest of his life

  2. Scientific Method

    1. Scientific Method

      1. Steps

    2. Francis Bacon

      1. What did he urge scientist to do?

    3. Descartes

      1. His ideas?

      2. “I think, therefore I am”

  3. Isaac Newton

    1. His belief about all objects in the universe

      1. Gravity

      2. His book

      3. His belief about God

  4. The spread of the scientific revolution

    1. Janssen’s invention

    2. Leeuwenhoek’s invention

    3. Torricelli’s invention

    4. Fahrenheit’s invention

    5. Celsius’ invention

    6. Galen

      1. Why were his studies flawed?

    7. Vesalius

    8. Jenner

      1. What did he use for a vaccine?

    9. Robert Boyle

      1. His findings

  5. The Enlightenment in Europe

    1. Enlightenment

      1. Age of Reason

    2. Thomas Hobbes

      1. Summary of his beliefs

      2. What government was ideal?

    3. John Locke

      1. Summary of his beliefs

      2. What rights are people born with?

      3. When can people overthrow their government?

  6. The Philosophes

    1. Philosophes

      1. Beliefs

    2. Voltaire

      1. His beliefs

      2. What did the government do to him?

      3. What did he fight for?

    3. Montesquieu

      1. What government did he think was best?

      2. What did he think was needed for a government to work?

    4. Rousseau

      1. His beliefs

      2. Best type of government

    5. Beccaria

      1. What did he focus on?

      2. Why did laws exist?

      3. What he did he criticize the most about the justice system?

      4. Trial

      5. Punishment?

  7. Women and the Enlightenment

    1. What role did the philosophes feel the women should play in society?

    2. Mary Wollstonecraft

  8. Effects of the Enlightenment

    1. The three main effects

    2. Diderot

      1. Encyclopedia

      2. How did people feel about his work?

  9. Enlightenment and monarchy

    1. How did the Philosophes feel about the monarchy?

    2. Why did some monarchs agree with the philosophes?

    3. Frederick the Great

      1. Prussia

      2. What changes did he make for Prussia?

    4. Catherine the Great

      1. Russia

      2. How did she rule?

      3. What changes did she make?

      4. What effect did she actually have on the people?

      5. Her effect on serfdom

  10. The American Revolution

    1. Colonists’ feelings about independence

    2. The Colonists see themselves as American and not British

    3. Why did they start to demand for their independence?

    4. The French and Indian War

    5. Taxation without representation

    6. April 19, 1775

    7. Second Continental Congress

      1. George Washington

      2. Colonists use enlightenment ideas

      3. What did they say the king had done to them?

      4. Declaration of Independence

      5. Locke’s effects on the colonists

      6. Thomas Jefferson

        1. Three rights of every man

        2. Why rebel against the British?

    8. The colonists win the war

      1. Republic

      2. Checks and balances

      3. Constitution

        1. Bill of rights


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