World War Two Multiple Choice



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World War Two

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. Which of the following became a dress rehearsal for World War II by demonstrating the destructive power of modern warfare?



a.

the invasion of Ethiopia

c.

the Spanish Civil War

b.

the Anschluss

d.

the surrender of the Sudetenland

____ 2. Which of the following cities was the target of a Nazi blitz for two months in 1941?



a.

London

c.

Paris

b.

Dunkirk

d.

Vichy

____ 3. “Operation Barbarossa” refers to Hitler’s plan to conquer



a.

Greece.

c.

Britain.

b.

North Africa.

d.

the Soviet Union.

____ 4. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii,



a.

brought the war to an end.

b.

brought the United States into the war.

c.

ended U.S. interference in Asia and the Pacific.

d.

tested the destructive power of its bombers.

____ 5. “D-Day” refers to the



a.

Allied invasion of France.

c.

end of World War II.

b.

entry of the United States into the war.

d.

British victory in North Africa.

____ 6. Which of these battles was a turning point after which the United States took the offensive in the Pacific?



a.

Pearl Harbor

c.

Iwo Jima

b.

Midway Island

d.

Burma

____ 7. The Allied forces ended the war in Europe by



a.

invading Italy.

c.

liberating Paris.

b.

bombing Hiroshima.

d.

capturing Berlin.

____ 8. Which nation suffered the highest number of casualties in World War II?



a.

Germany

c.

the Soviet Union

b.

the United States

d.

Japan



Figure 31-1

____ 9. According to Figure 31-1, which country was divided after World War II?



a.

Austria

c.

Yugoslavia

b.

Poland

d.

Germany

____ 10. According to Figure 31-1, which free country shared a border with the Soviet Union?



a.

Turkey

c.

Austria

b.

Greece

d.

Italy

____ 11. According to Figure 31-1, which of the following areas was added to the Soviet Union after World War II?



a.

Turkey

c.

Switzerland

b.

Latvia

d.

Austria

____ 12. According to Figure 31-1, which of the following Eastern European countries remained free of Soviet control?



a.

Poland

c.

Greece

b.

Albania

d.

Hungary

____ 13. In response to Axis aggression in the 1930s, western democracies followed a policy of



a.

containment.

c.

aggression.

b.

appeasement.

d.

genocide.

____ 14. The term Holocaust refers to the



a.

bombing of Britain.

b.

mobilization for total war.

c.

massacre of more than six million Jews.

d.

turning point of the war in North Africa.

____ 15. The Battle of Midway was the turning point that



a.

brought the United States into the war.

b.

allowed the United States to take the offensive in the Pacific.

c.

forced Japan to surrender.

d.

started Japan’s uninterrupted series of victories.

____ 16. The war in Europe ended with the



a.

bombing of Hiroshima.

c.

capture and execution of Mussolini.

b.

Battle of the Bulge.

d.

surrender of Germany.

____ 17. The nation that suffered the greatest number of both civilian and military dead and wounded in World War II was



a.

the Soviet Union.

c.

Japan.

b.

Britain.

d.

Germany.

____ 18. The major rivals in the Cold War were



a.

Britain and France.

c.

the United States and the Soviet Union.

b.

Germany and Italy.

d.

China and Japan.


Matching

Match each term with the correct statement below.

a.

appeasement

e.

containment

b.

blitzkrieg

f.

genocide

c.

cold war

g.

kamikaze

d.

collaborator

h.

pacifism

____ 19. Giving in to the demands of an aggressor in order to keep the peace

____ 20. Opposition to all war

____ 21. Lightning war

____ 22. Deliberate destruction of a group of people

____ 23. One who cooperates with an enemy force occupying a country

____ 24. Japanese pilots who undertook suicide missions to attack American warships

____ 25. Limiting communism to areas already under Soviet control

____ 26. State of tension and hostility among nations without armed conflict

Match each term with the correct statement below.

a.

Winston Churchill

d.

Haile Selassie

b.

Francisco Franco

e.

Harry Truman

c.

Dwight Eisenhower

____ 27. Ethiopian king who appealed to the League of Nations for help

____ 28. Nationalist general who created a Fascist dictatorship in Spain

____ 29. Prime minister who rallied Britain to fight against Nazi aggression

____ 30. Supreme Allied commander in Europe

____ 31. President who issued a policy stating that Americans would resist Soviet expansion in the world



Match each term with the correct statement below.

a.

Dunkirk

d.

Hiroshima

b.

El Alamein

e.

Pearl Harbor

c.

Guernica

____ 32. Town that was brutally attacked by Germany during the Spanish Civil War

____ 33. Beach on the English Channel where Allied troops were rescued from advancing Nazis

____ 34. Naval base in Hawaii that was attacked by Japan in 1941

____ 35. Site of a battle in Egypt that became a turning point in World War II

____ 36. Japanese city destroyed by an atomic bomb dropped by the United States in 1945



Short Answer – 5 points each (choose one)

37. Identify three acts of aggression by dictators in the 1930s.



38. List three events that led to the defeat of Germany.

Essay (10 points)

39. Analyzing Information Why did the western democracies fail to stop Axis aggression in the 1930s?

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