The chart below shows the number of men and women in further education in Britain in three periods and whether they were studying full-time or part-time.
We can see that in 1970-71, there were far more males in part-time education than full-time education, - about one million in part time education and only about 100,000 in full-time education. In 1980 – 81 the number in part-time education fell slightly but the number studying full time rose. 1n 1990-91, the number of males in part-time education had risen slightly while the number in full-time education continued to rise.
As for the females, in 1970-71 there were about 700 females in full-time education and only around 50,000 in full-time education. In 1980-81, the number in part-time education rose slightly to around 800,000, while those in full-time education rose dramatically to a little under 200,000. In 1990-91, the number of females in part-time education rose sharply to over a million, while the number in full-time education increased only slightly.
Answer 2 (193 words)
The bar chart illustrates how many males and females studied in full-time and part-time education in the following years: 1970 to 1971, 1980 to 1981 and 1990 to 1991.
It is clear than in all three time periods more people of both sexes were involved in part-time education than full-time. Overall the number of men in full-time education rose from approximately 100 thousand to 200 thousand, whereas the number of men in part-time education was lower in the early nineties than twenty years earlier.
As far as women are concerned, both sectors of education saw increases. The number of part-time female students increased significantly from around 700 thousand to nearly 1.2 million in the twenty year period. In full-time education, there was a dramatic rise from around 50,000 to approximately 2 million between1970 and 1981, and another slight rise from 1988 to 1991. By this time the numbers of male and female students in full-time education were similar.
To sum up, the number of women in both sectors increased significantly, as did the number of men in full-time education. However, the rate of men entering part-time education decreased a little and was fluctuating.
Answer 3 (233 words)
The bar chart compares the number of male and female students in part-time and full-time education in the UK in 1970 to 71, 1980 to 81 and 1990 – 91.
In 1970-71, we can see there were far more men than women in both sectors of education. This is because in the old days, women had less chance than men to enter further education due to traditional ideas about gender differences. Furthermore, at that time the economy needed more unskilled manual workers.
However, during the 1970s and 1980s, a more liberal attitude became common and the number of women in both full-time and part-time education rose significantly. By 1981, the women had caught up in part-time education and had overtaken the men in full-time education. This is due to the increasing number of women working. They no longer accepted that their place was in the home.
By 1990 – 91, the situation of the early 1970s had been reversed and there were more men than women in both full-time and part-time education. Without a doubt, this trend is likely to continue as we see a reduction in the numbers of unskilled manual workers and an increase in service industries, where women often perform better than men.
The chart clearly illustrates how changes in attitudes and in the workforce has affected the relative numbers of the sexes in both part-time and full-time further education in Britain.
Notes on these answers
Answer 1 Although it contains no grammar errors, this is a poor answer. The introductory statement has been copied word-for-word from the question paper. The summary of data contains far too much detail and is poorly organized – simply describing the figures for each time period in turn. It would be difficult for the reader to get a clear idea quickly. Another problem is that there is no concluding statement.
Answer 2 This is a good answer. The introductory statement paraphrases the description on the question paper without losing any detail, but it is not a copy.
The main features of the data are clearly and concisely summarized with some detail being selected to illustrate the main points. It would be easy for the reader to get a clear idea of the data quickly.
Answer 3 There is a poor answer. The introductory statement adequately paraphrases the description on the question paper. However, the writer has wasted time and space by offering explanations. Even if these are convincing and thoughtful, you are not asked to give opinions or explain the data using your general knowledge. In Writing Task 1, you are supposed to summarize the data only. Marks would be lost for irrelevance.