Wwii biographies Omar Bradley



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WWII Biographies
Omar Bradley (1893-1981)Omar Bradley was a U.S. Army general noted for his concern for individual soldiers and his ability to organize during World War II, commanding divisions and serving as Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower’s “eyes and ears” in North Africa. Bradley commanded the First Army in the D-Day landings and the Normandy campaign. He participated in Patton’s march through France and Belgium to German and the battles in Ardennes areas. In April 1945 his army group drove through central Germany to the Elbe to join the Russians and push into Czechoslovakia at war’s end. He headed the Veteran’s Administration after the war, became U.S. Army Chief of Staff in 1948, and then became the first chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He argued that a major land war in Asia in the 1950s would be “the wrong war, at the wrong place, at the wrong time, and with the wrong enemy.” He retired in 1953 but served on the Senior Advisory Group to President Lyndon Johnson, advising him on the Vietnam War effort. In 1968 the group informed Johnson that the only way the United States could win the war was an invasion on the scale of a world war and the American people did not support that. In Bradley’s opinion, the war was hopeless.

General Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969) Dwight David Eisenhower served his country as a military leader, and as president from 1952 to 1960. Born in Texas, Eisenhower was raised in Abilene, Kansas. He graduated from West Point in 1915 and married Mamie Doud in 1916. Eisenhower served as General Douglas MacArthur’s senior assistant in the Philippines when MacArthur was the army’s chief of staff. MacArthur considered him the most capable officer in the army. General Eisenhower commanded Allied forces in Europe during World War II. He led the British-American invasion of North Africa which defeated Rommel’s Africa Korps in 1943. On June 6, 1944, he commanded Allied forces on D-Day. He was appointed president of Columbia University in 1948 but was recalled to active military duty in 1950 to lead forces of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). He retired from the army in 1952 to make a bid for the Republican Party nomination for president. He was elected to the first of two terms. Americans hoped he would end the fighting in South Korea against communist China and North Korea. He did negotiate a peace settlement signed in 1953 but the fear of communism remained high in the United States. The cold war between the U.S.S.R. and the United States continued throughout his administration as he supported a foreign policy which encouraged cooperation and not conflict. He favored gradual domestic change. He ordered troops into Little Rock, Arkansas, to keep peace when the high school racially integrated, and he signed the civil rights acts of 1957 and 1960.
Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) Harry S. Truman assumed the presidency following the sudden death of Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1945. Having served as a senator from Missouri, he knew little of the workings of the executive office. He had no time to learn. Within weeks he attended the founding of the United Nations; represented the U.S at the Potsdam conference where two European powers, the Soviets and the British, discussed post-war order; and authorized the use of the atomic bomb in Japan, first on Hiroshima on August 6 and then on Nagasaki on August 9. In response to the spread of Communism, Truman announced the Truman Doctrine on March 12, 1947, which pledged U.S. support to nations opposing Communism. The Cold War, characterized by the antagonistic conflict between two world powers, the Soviet Union and the United States, began during Truman’s administration. When the Communist North Koreans invaded South Korea in June 1950, Truman appealed to the United Nations, which dispensed forces to support South Korea. Truman’s refusal to commit more effort to win the war frustrated voters and they elected Dwight D. Eisenhower as president in 1952.

Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964) Douglas MacArthur was a soldier, graduate of West Point, and veteran of World Wars I and II, and the Korean War. In 1932 he led the troops that evicted the veterans who were camped in Washington D.C. protesting their treatment and conditions during the Great Depression. Because of his service in the Philippines prior to World War II, he was named commander of U.S. forces in the Far East. During World War II he commanded troops in the Southwest Pacific and presided over the Japanese surrender as the commander of Allied Powers. He was military governor of Japan from 1945-50 and then commanded the United Nations forces in Korea. Truman relieved him of command in 1951 because MacArthur’s and Truman’s tactics conflicted.

George Patton, Jr. (1885-1945) A soldier and graduate of West Point, George Patton learned tank tactics during World War I. He held many commands during World War II, directed the amphibious landings on Casablanca and the campaign in North Africa, led the Third Army out of Normandy, assisted with the Battle of the Bulge, and marched on into Germany. He despised communists and he proposed, following the German surrender, that German and U.S. troops join forces against the Soviet Union. He favored retaining Nazis in some positions and as a result he was removed from command. He is considered one of the most successful American field commanders of any war.
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